January 14, 2016
NT: 1210 Intro to Networking
1. What are open standards, and what, if any, are the advantages of such standards?
Open Standards" are standards made available to the general public and are developed (or approved) and maintained via a collaborative and consensus driven process. "Open Standards" facilitate interoperability and data exchange among different products or services and are intended for widespread adoption.
2. In general, why would a layered architecture be viewed as beneficial?
The Benefits of Layered Application
Other applications will be able to reuse the functionality exposed by your layers.
You will be able to distribute your ...view middle of the document...
Many types of protocols have a lot of advantages and disadvantages. One example of a protocol is “HTTP – HyperText Transfer Protocol”. HTTP is an internet-based protocol that allows our systems to send and receive webpages. HTTP is an application layer and is designed to work with framework within internet protocols.
4. What are the four different types of networks and what are the key characteristics of each?
LAN -: LOCAL AREA NETWORKS
WAN -: WIRELESS AREA NETWORKS
MAN -: METROPOLITAN AREA NETWORK
CAN -: CAMPUS AREA NETWORK
1.Local Area Network (LAN)
A local area network (LAN) is a computer network that interconnects computers in a limited area such as a home, school, computer laboratory, or office building using network media. The defining characteristics of LANs, in contrast to wide area networks (WANs), include their usually higher data-transfer rates, smaller geographic area, and lack of a need for leased telecommunication lines.
ARCNET, Token Ring and other technology standards have been used in the past, but Ethernet over twisted pair cabling, and Wi-Fi are the two most common technologies currently used to build LANs.
2.Wide Area Network(WAN)
A wide area network (WAN) is a telecommunication network that covers a broad area (i.e., any network that links across metropolitan, regional, or national boundaries). Business and government entities utilize WANs to relay data among employees, clients, buyers, and suppliers from various geographical locations. In essence this mode of telecommunication allows a business to effectively carry out its daily function regardless of location
3.Metropolitan Area Network(MAN)
A metropolitan area network (MAN) is a computer network that usually spans a city or a large campus. A MAN usually interconnects a number of local area networks (LANs) using a high-capacity backbone technology, such as fiber-optical links, and provides up-link services to wide area networks (or WAN) and the Internet.
4.Campus Area Network(CAN)
A campus network, campus area network, corporate area network or CAN is a computer network made up of an interconnection of local area networks (LANs) within a limited geographical area. The networking equipments (switches, routers) and transmission media (optical fiber, copper plant, Cat5 cabling etc.) are almost entirely owned by the campus tenant / owner: an enterprise, university, government etc.[
In today’s world the entire communication media is based on...