Realism and Abstractionism
ART 100 A World of Art
March 10, 2013
There was an influx of immigrants into the United States in early 20th century. Among the more important painters to immigrate to the US shortly before WWII, was the German born Hans Hoffman (1880-1966), who came after spending time back and forth between Munich and Paris (Soltes, L40, 01:36). He immigrated to the US by 1932, taught at Berkeley, and by 1934 went back to New York City to establish his own school, becoming renowned as a teacher as much as an artist and painter in his own right (Soltes, L40, 01:55). Some of Hoffman’s interests include Jackson Pollock (1912-1956), whose ...view middle of the document...
Grant Wood (1891-1942) was another important American regionalists, as he and Hart Benton were called, making their mark as the country was moving through the complex succession of processes that extended from the pride and isolationism that came at the end of the Great War, to the Depression. His 1930 painting, Stone City Iowa, portrays the sweep of a country landscape seen from the top of a hill. The eye then spills down through a careful series of rows of just-sprouting corn, to the farmstead beyond, to the road and beautiful river, to the river crossing trestle, to the swollen fecund fields beyond that, culminating in a kind of puffy-clouded sky of blue (Soltes, L40, 06:42-07:26).
Around the same time Georgia O'Keeffe (1887-1986), and her remarkable 1930 image jack-in-the-Pulpit, there is a sense of where American art is going during the middle third of the 20th century. She grew up on a farm in Wisconsin, which is depicted in that middle-American landscape that Benton and Wood sometimes portrayed. She came to New York, met and married in 1924 the great Alfred Stieglitz, one of the key figures in American modernism,...