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Reasons For The Annexation Of Texas

2768 words - 12 pages

The Annexation of Texas was one of the most debatable

events in American history. The question at hand would, in either

which way chosen, deeply impact the United States for generations

to come. There was on one side a long list of reasons for why to not

allow annexation, but there was the same kind of list on the other

side for reasons to push forward for annexation. Some of these

reasons of both sides were slaves, war, manifest destiny, politics ,

and constitutional rights. Also the way Texas began in a way said that

they should be apart of the United States In the end there were more

important reasons for annex Texas into the union, than to leave

Texas the ...view middle of the document...

But as soon as the Texas minister was sent to Washington to

neglagate for an annexation, the Martin Van Buren administration told

that the proposition could not be entertained. The reasons given were

constitutional scruples and fear of war with Mexico.

The real reason behind Washington’s excuses was slavery.

From the very second the words of annexation of Texas hit the US

borders anti-slavery activists were on the ball. The American

Anti-Slavery Society began to work towards preventing annexation at

any cost. Petitions and memorials circulated and signed by

abolitionists poured into Congress. It was said that six hundred

thousand signatures were presented against annexation in a single

session. One of the major voices against annexations was

ex-president, John Quincy Adams. He was at that time a member of

the House of Representatives. Near the close of the session for that

year, Adams made a three weeks’ address in opposition to

annexation. He is quoted in his diary for saying “The annexation of

Texas to the Union is the First maritime, colonizing, slave-tainted

monarchy, and of extinguishment of freedom”(Wharton).

For fear of the northerns’’ and abolitionists, neither Jackson or

Van Buren dared to push hard for annexation. Though the reasons

for ending slavery were not their prime concern. If Texas was

admitted into the union the new slave state would wreck the hard won

balance of slave and free states in the Senate. Thus giving the south

an advantage over the north. The abolitionists believed that this

would eventually lead to the south pushing for laws inferior of their

ways of life, being new slave laws, and disunion in the

country.(Haley) Once Texas is annexed its territory could become as

many as 11 new slave states with 22 new pro-slavery senators. This

would be a political nightmare for the north’s anti-slavery politations.

Though they could not fully see the end result at that time, the

annexation of Texas was another stronger push of the ball of

dis-unification. 16 years after the annexation of Texas, Texas would

succeed from the union, and enter into the Confederate States of

America(Encarta 4).

In the hearts of many Americans at that time was the fear of

another great war. In the beginning of the annexation period, Mexico

still considered Texas its own territory. They held the belief that the

treaty sighed by Santa Anna while he was a prisoner was invalid, and

that the territory of Texas was still in the Mexican empire.

As the push for annexation continued France and Great Britain

needed a dependable, heavy supplier of high-grade cotton, and a

moneyed customer for their manufactured goods, which Texas could

buy. They also wanted a way around American tariffs. (Haley)

Therefore if Texas was annexed into the United States they would

loose their consumer. On British advice, the Mexican...

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