The Annexation of Texas was one of the most debatable
events in American history. The question at hand would, in either
which way chosen, deeply impact the United States for generations
to come. There was on one side a long list of reasons for why to not
allow annexation, but there was the same kind of list on the other
side for reasons to push forward for annexation. Some of these
reasons of both sides were slaves, war, manifest destiny, politics ,
and constitutional rights. Also the way Texas began in a way said that
they should be apart of the United States In the end there were more
important reasons for annex Texas into the union, than to leave
Texas the ...view middle of the document...
But as soon as the Texas minister was sent to Washington to
neglagate for an annexation, the Martin Van Buren administration told
that the proposition could not be entertained. The reasons given were
constitutional scruples and fear of war with Mexico.
The real reason behind Washington’s excuses was slavery.
From the very second the words of annexation of Texas hit the US
borders anti-slavery activists were on the ball. The American
Anti-Slavery Society began to work towards preventing annexation at
any cost. Petitions and memorials circulated and signed by
abolitionists poured into Congress. It was said that six hundred
thousand signatures were presented against annexation in a single
session. One of the major voices against annexations was
ex-president, John Quincy Adams. He was at that time a member of
the House of Representatives. Near the close of the session for that
year, Adams made a three weeks’ address in opposition to
annexation. He is quoted in his diary for saying “The annexation of
Texas to the Union is the First maritime, colonizing, slave-tainted
monarchy, and of extinguishment of freedom”(Wharton).
For fear of the northerns’’ and abolitionists, neither Jackson or
Van Buren dared to push hard for annexation. Though the reasons
for ending slavery were not their prime concern. If Texas was
admitted into the union the new slave state would wreck the hard won
balance of slave and free states in the Senate. Thus giving the south
an advantage over the north. The abolitionists believed that this
would eventually lead to the south pushing for laws inferior of their
ways of life, being new slave laws, and disunion in the
country.(Haley) Once Texas is annexed its territory could become as
many as 11 new slave states with 22 new pro-slavery senators. This
would be a political nightmare for the north’s anti-slavery politations.
Though they could not fully see the end result at that time, the
annexation of Texas was another stronger push of the ball of
dis-unification. 16 years after the annexation of Texas, Texas would
succeed from the union, and enter into the Confederate States of
In the hearts of many Americans at that time was the fear of
another great war. In the beginning of the annexation period, Mexico
still considered Texas its own territory. They held the belief that the
treaty sighed by Santa Anna while he was a prisoner was invalid, and
that the territory of Texas was still in the Mexican empire.
As the push for annexation continued France and Great Britain
needed a dependable, heavy supplier of high-grade cotton, and a
moneyed customer for their manufactured goods, which Texas could
buy. They also wanted a way around American tariffs. (Haley)
Therefore if Texas was annexed into the United States they would
loose their consumer. On British advice, the Mexican...