Recipe For Sucess Essay

687 words - 3 pages

Recipe for Success
American firms that utilize specialized job designs reap many benefits as well as downfalls. For example, workers become more proficient when performing small, simple tasks in which they are assigned, because they do not have the distractions of performing many different tasks at any given time. Employees are able to concentrate on accomplishing a specific task without having to stop one task in order to start another thus the time between performing each task is decreased. Another benefit is being able to develop more specialized equipment to aid in accomplishing a task when said task is more narrowly defined. Being able to train new employees in highly specialized jobs, ...view middle of the document...

Unions also argue that pay should increase due to the number of tasks the employees are being asked to perform. With the differences between the Japanese and American job design, in most cases, the work still remains boring and routine.
I feel most typical American firms would utilize a relatively tall organizational structure such as the functional (U-Form) design. This type of organizational structure coordinates activities within each functional area of the organization. American firms group these activities according to function to pursue economies of scale by placing employees with shared skills and knowledge into departments (Departmentalization, 2008). This allows for departments to fall into a uniform structure to where lower level managers report through a chain of command. I would see Japanese firms having a more flattened organizational structure such as the matrix design. This allows for members of each functional area to come together and work as a team when planning for new products or revising old ones. I think with this type of structure management and employees would interact more to achieve the same goals.
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