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Recognising Abuse Essay

1642 words - 7 pages

Abuse is mistreatment by any person or person that violates a person human and civicl rights. The abuse can vary, from treatning someone with disrespect in a way that sifnificantly affects the person’s quality of life ,to causing actual physical or mental suffering.
There are different types of abuse.
Physical Abuse is 'the non-accidental infliction of physical force that results in bodily injury, pain or impairment'.
Examples of Physical Abuse
• Hitting;
• Slapping;
• Kicking;
• Inappropriate restraint or sanctions;
• Force feeding;
• Misuse (or inappropriate withholding) of medication.
Signs and Symptoms of Physical Abuse:
The signs of Physical Abuse are often ...view middle of the document...

g. caresses;
• Intercourse with someone who lacks the capacity to consent;
• Rape;
• Indecent exposure;
• Sexual harassment (verbal or physical);
• Displaying pornographic literature videos or internet sites;
• Gross indecency.
Signs and Symptoms of Sexual Abuse:
• Significant change in sexual behaviour or attitude;
• Pregnancy in a woman who is unable to consent to sexual intercourse;
• Wetting or soiling;
• Poor concentration;
• Withdrawn, depressed, stressed appearance;
• Unusual difficulty or sensitivity in walking or sitting;
• Stained or bloody underclothing;
• Bruises, bleeding, pain or itching in genital area;
• Sexually Transmitted Infections, urinary tract or vaginal infection;
• Bruising to thighs or upper arms;
• Self-harming behaviour
Emotional/Psychological Abuse
Emotional Abuse is defined as 'the use of threats, humiliation, bullying, swearing and other verbal conduct, or any other form of mental cruelty, which results in mental or physical distress. It includes the denial of basic human and civil rights, such as choice, self-expression, privacy and dignity.'
Examples of Emotional/Psychological Abuse
• Intimidation by word or deed;
• Humiliation;
• Harassment;
• Enforced social isolation (including cultural discrimination);
• Blaming, controlling, threats.
Signs and Symptoms of Psychological Abuse:
• Change in appetite;
• Low self-esteem, deference, passivity, and resignation;
• Unexplained fear, defensiveness, ambivalence;
• Emotional withdrawal;
• Sleep disturbance;
• Self-harming behaviour.
2.3 Neglect/Deprivation
Neglect is defined as 'the repeated deprivation of assistance that the Adult at Risk needs for important activities of daily living, including a failure to intervene in behaviour which is dangerous to the Adult at Risk or to others, and poor manual handling techniques.'
Under the Mental Capacity Act 2005 wilful neglect and ill treatment of a person lacking capacity becomes a criminal offence.
Self-neglect on the part of an Adult at Risk will not usually lead to the initiation of adult safeguarding procedures unless the situation involves a significant act of commission or omission by someone else with established responsibility for the adult's care. However if practitioners are concerned that an Adult at Risk is neglecting themselves to the degree that it is putting themselves or others at risk, they should contact their local safeguarding lead (see Local Contacts) who will be able to advise on local procedures
Examples of Neglect/Deprivation
• Inadequate care;
• Neglect of physical and emotional needs;
• Deprivation of food, clothing, medical attention, or aids;
• Denial of basic right to make informed choices;
• Failure to provide access to social, health or educational services.
Signs and Symptoms of Neglect:
• Physical condition of the Adult at Risk is poor, e.g. pressure ulcers, unwashed and unkempt;
• Clothing in poor condition; e.g. unclean, wet,...

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