The process of human being becoming a member of a society can be termed as socialization. This is a learning process where an individual gathers knowledge, skills, values, tradition and norms. The interaction of a child with his parents, relatives, friends etc help develop his individuality and the ability to conceive of his own volition. The forming process of a child in a society and family is made possible with the important aspect his own reflection shaping his cultural profile.
The child’s forming process in its entirety is supported by socialization with his family. The socialization is characterized by love and affection without any conflict of interest between parents and the children till they reach their adolescence. Within a family, the relationship between parents and the child is considered as the most frequent relationship (Day, 2010). The socialization of a ...view middle of the document...
The socialization process with the social agent of family features gender socialization. The gender socialization is the way a girl and a boy learns how to act and behave in a society differently because of the difference of their gender. The parent’s behavior towards their children varies too, depending on their gender. For example, girls are taught to be sensitive and passive, while the suggested to be tough and refrain from whining. Thus, boys and girls grow up with a different set of values, attitude and viewpoints imbibed in them.
School is another agent of socialization with profound influence on a child and one’s emerging adulthood. The key characteristics of school as an agent of socialization are its formal and institutionalized nature. The experience of socialization in school teaches a student to confront new situations not experienced in the family circle. These situations are usually more difficult to deal with compared to the family situations, realizing the child or the adolescent mentally and emotionally stronger and adroit handling different sorts of circumstances.
The skills, thus acquired enable an individual to participate in the modern economy. The process shapes an individual’s knowledge and behaviors as well as values such as, reliability, motives and self sufficiency (Arnett, 1995). However, despite the standardization followed in schools, the evaluation method must be differentiated. The cultural and religious aspect of a population can create differentiation in values, beliefs and norms of individuals that might lead to wrong evaluation results in case of undifferentiated standardization (Durkheim, 1995). Having stated that, the differentiation of values, norms and attitude is not dependent only on cultural, family or religious backgrounds, but likewise along the inherent nature of an individual.
Arnett, J.J. (1995). Broad and narrow socialization: The family in the context of a cultural theory. Journal of Marriage and Family, 57, 617-628.
Day, R. D. (2010). Introduction to Family Processes (5th ed.). New York: Routledge.
Durkheim, E. (1995). The Elementary Form of Religious Life, trans. Karen E. Fields. New York: Free Press.