Regulation And Investment: Case Study Of Bangladesh

1208 words - 5 pages

World Dialogue on Regulation for Network Economies Regulation and Investment: Case study of Bangladesh Harsha de Silva and Abu Saeed Khan August 2004 Abstract The paper considers the available evidence in determining a relationship, if any, in the Telecom Regulatory Environment [TRE] of Bangladesh and investments in to its telecommunications industry over the last decade. TRE is segmented in to market entry, access to scarce resources, interconnection, tariff regulation and regulation of anti-competitive practices while investments are all non-divestiture foreign and domestic private and public investment. The TRE in Bangladesh is found to be wanting in ...view middle of the document...

1 Types of risk 2.2 Sources of investment funds 3.0 Study Methodology and Data Limitations 15 4.0 TRE and Investment: 1989 to Mid 2004 16 4.1 Fixed Sector TRE 4.1.1 Market Entry 4.1.2 Scarce Resources 4.1.3 Interconnection 4.1.4 Tariff 4.1.5 Anti-competitive Practices 4.1.6 Summary 4.2 Fixed Sector Investments 4.3 Mobile Sector TRE 4.3.1 Market Entry 4.3.2 Scarce Resources 4.3.3 Interconnection 4.3.4 Tariff 4.3.5 Anti-competitive Practices 4.3.6 Summary 4.4 Mobile Sector Investments 5.0 Concluding Comments 29 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Objective The objective of this case study is to gain insights in the relationship between investments in telecommunications and the respective regulatory environment in Bangladesh. The period under investigation is from 1989 to mid 2004. This case study follows the format of World Dialogue on Regulation for Network Economies [WDR] Discussion Paper 0303 “Regulation and Investment: Sri Lanka Case Study”. 1.2 Developing World Scenario Telecommunication is fast becoming an important sector in the economies of the developing world. While telecommunications infrastructure expansion is catalysing economic growth in the industry per se, its impact on information technology and related services are becoming even more significant in terms of productivity growth across sectors. With the growing evidence of causality there is a strong argument for further investments in this sector to help developing countries leapfrog. However, their governments are now more than ever restrained in undertaking investments in economic infrastructure such as telecommunications having to concentrate more on social infrastructure like health and education. Given this background and the resulting opening up of opportunities for private participation, it is important to understand the reasons behind private investment patterns in these countries. Figure 1: Trends in Telecom Investments [USD billion] Source: Private Participation in Infrastructure Database, The World Bank The above figure depicts the total private investments in telecommunications infrastructure, including purchases of previously government owned assets in the developing world in comparison to that of the South Asian region. A salient feature is that while total investments are declining after peaking in 1998, investments in the South Asia region are increasing. A detailed analysis of these investments however, indicates that the bulk of the funds were applied to India. 1.3 Bangladesh 1.3.1 Background Bangladesh came into existence in 1971 when Bengali East Pakistan seceded from its union with West Pakistan. Situated on the northern coast of the Bay of Bengal, Bangladesh is surrounded by India, with a small border with Myanmar in the southeast. The country is low-lying land of 144,000 sq. km. traversed by the...

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