Rehabilitation Of Criminals In America Essay

1622 words - 7 pages

Prison inmates, are some of the most ³maladjusted² people in society. Most of the inmates have
had too little discipline or too much, come from broken homes, and have no self-esteem. They are very
insecure and are ³at war with themselves as well as with society² (Szumski 20). Most inmates did not
learn moral values or learn to follow everyday norms. Also, when most lawbreakers are labeled criminals
they enter the phase of secondary deviance. They will admit they are criminals or believe it when they
enter the phase of secondary deviance (Doob 171).
Next, some believe that if we want to rehabilitate criminals we must do more than just send them
to prison. For instance, we ...view middle of the document...

Further, in sociology, one of the major theories of delinquency is differential association
(Cressey 1955). This means some people learned their ways from ³undesirable² people who they were forced
to be in association with and that this association ³warps² their thinking and social attitudes. ³Group
counseling, group interaction, and other kinds of group activities can provide a corrective, positive
experience that might help to offset the earlier delinquent association² (Bennett 25). However, it is
said that group counseling can do little to destroy the power of labeling (Bennett 26). The
differential-association theory emphasizes that a person is more likely to become a criminal if the
people who have the greatest influence upon them are criminals (Doob 169).
Most of today¹s correctional institutions lack the ability and programs to rehabilitate the
criminals of America. One can predict that a prisoner held for two, four, eight or ten years, then
released , still with no education or vocational skills will likely return to a life of crime. Often
their life in crime will resume in weeks after their release. Although the best prisons and programs in
the world will not cure the problem totally, improvements still must be made (Szumski 20).
Prison inmates, are some of the most ³maladjusted² people in society. Most of the inmates have
had too little discipline or too much, come from broken homes, and have no self-esteem. They are very
insecure and are ³at war with themselves as well as with society² (Szumski 20). Most inmates did not
learn moral values or learn to follow everyday norms. Also, when most lawbreakers are labeled criminals
they enter the phase of secondary deviance. They will admit they are criminals or believe it when they
enter the phase of secondary deviance (Doob 171).
Next, some believe that if we want to rehabilitate criminals we must do more than just send them
to prison. For instance, we could give them a chance to acquire job skills; which will improve the
chances that inmates will become productive citizens upon release. The programs must aim to change those
who want to change. Those who are taught to produce useful goods and to be productive are ³likely to
develop the self-esteem essential to a normal, integrated personality² (Szumski 21). This kind of
program would provide skills and habits and ³replace the sense of hopelessness² that many inmates have
(Szumski 21).
Moreover, another technique used to rehabilitate criminals is counseling. There is two types of
counseling in general, individual and group counseling. Individual counseling is much more costly than
group counseling. The aim of group counseling is to develop positive peer pressure that will influence
its members. One idea in many sociology text is that group problem-solving has definite advantages over
individual problem-solving. The idea is that a wider variety of...

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