This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Relapse Prevention For Opiate Abuse Essay

1926 words - 8 pages

Intro to psychology
Stacy Vautour sf2 11am

Relapse Prevention for Opiate Abuse

Opiates, Opium, and Opioids are all derived from the opium poppy. Each drug has different characteristics, uses, and effects on the body. Raw opium comes directly from the plant (pod), opiates (e.g. morphine and heroin) are refined from opium, and opioids (e.g. hydrocodone and methadone) are synthetic derivatives of morphine. Many opioids are used for medical reasons; for example, methadone and buprenorphine are used for detoxification, and oxymorphone is used for anxiety and shortness of breath. The most common use for opioids and opiates is pain management.
Heroin, a semisynthetic opioid, was ...view middle of the document...

Although a heroin addict constantly desires and seeks heroin, with possession the loss of control becomes apparent and the search for pleasure quickly turn quite frightening. When it comes to withdrawing from heroin there are some pretty nasty physical symptoms, including “gooseflesh”, rapid heart rate, diarrhea, muscle cramps, vomiting, nausea, and general aches and pains. Physical withdrawal can last up to a week and can be extremely unpleasant.
Relapse Prevention is a huge part of treatment of opiate addiction. There are two models of relapse prevention. The CENAPS Model, developed by Terrance Gorski, intergrades the disease concept of addiction with biophysical strategies to help maintain abstinence and positive changes in recovery. The Cognitive Social learning Model, developed by Alan Marlett and Helen Arnis, views addiction as overlearned habits. The goal of this model is to locate reinforcing and forbidding consequences of the behavior and studying past situations of success and failure in changing the behavior.
Some General Principles of Relapse Prevention
1. Recognizing that relapse is a process and not something that just happens: Most addicts can become aware of triggers, thoughts, and warning signs way before beginning to use again. They also notice how thoughts of using contribute to progression of substance use. Thoughts of using can start denial patterns, stress relief thoughts, reward thoughts, or self-permission. It’s necessary to realize the difference between active recovery process and sobriety or dry drunk syndrome.
2. Awareness: To prevent relapse you must constantly be aware of thoughts, feelings, behaviors, motives, and manifestations of urges and cravings. It’s very important to become aware of and figure out what is necessary to stop negative states from piling up and exploding into unexpected triggers or high risk situations.
3. Identification of High Risk Triggers: A large part of relapse is high risk situations. High risk situations can involve a certain category of triggers that combine interactions between feelings, people, places, and thoughts that are clues that triggers cravings and urges to use. The three most popular high risk situations for relapse are peer pressure, negative emotions, and conflict.
4. Recognition of ongoing Recovery Management: Recognizing that recovery is an ongoing process is a newer trend for addicts. When you consistently attend meetings, develop a sober network, and attend professional aftercare groups this lowers the chances of relapse. Addicts need to recognize that involving family members and close friends in the recovery process is very important when it comes to noticing signs that an individual may not be aware of and for general support in maintaining healthy changes.
5. Change in Lifestyle Activities and Routines: Learning new routines that don’t revolve around substance abuse is a big part of maintaining recovery. When in recovery it is...

Other Essays Like Relapse Prevention for Opiate Abuse

Rosa Lee Case Study

4607 words - 19 pages has eight adult children, three of which intermittently live with her. Her primary sources of income are derived from mostly illegal activities such as dealing drugs, shoplifting, and the sale of stolen goods. She also receives money from government benefits of various sources but these monies are mostly secondary and tertiary. She was recently admitted to the hospital for an illness related to her substance abuse and is looking for a method of

Heroin Abuse: Reaching the Suburban Youth

1756 words - 8 pages . “Heroin is an opiate, a drug taken from the seed of a poppy plant. Other opiates, like morphine, are used as powerful medications to relieve the intense pain of some illnesses, like cancer (DiConsiglio).” It is no secret that teens and young adults often look for different ways to experiment and drugs are usually at the center of the experimentation. The physical high that happens when under the influence of drugs is widely sought after but the

Teenage Drug Abuse

798 words - 4 pages changing needs (for example medical,mental health, social, legal, and family) of each individual; and consider the use of medication treatment when appropriate and include random drug testing. There are numerous individual treatments for drug addiction in teens. Relapse prevention uses methods for recognizing and amending problem behaviors. Individualized drug counseling specifically emphasizes short-term behavioral goals in an attempt to help the individual reduce or stop the use of drugs altogether

Assault in the City

1063 words - 5 pages how ever has been some scientific evidence shown that therapeutic intervention for sex offending juveniles can and does work (Przybylski, n.d.). Nelson (2007) stated though there are many types of treatment modalities that are used for juvenile sex offenders, the most common and frequently used modalities are cognitive-behavioral and multi-systemic, group therapy and family systems, relapse prevention, psycho-socio-educational therapy. Sexual

Drug Abuse

5169 words - 21 pages i d E m i c : R E s p o n d i n G t o A m E R i c A’ s p R E s c R i p t i o n d R u G A B u s E c R i s i s to minimize abuse of prescription drugs and the need to ensure access for their legitimate use. Further, expanding effective drug abuse treatment is critical to reducing prescription drug abuse, as only a small fraction of drug users are currently undergoing treatment. This Prescription Drug Abuse Prevention Plan expands upon the

Effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy,

3685 words - 15 pages (SNRIs), and atypical antidepressants (Craighead et al., 2008, chap. 8). Clinical research has proven that short-term, evidence-based treatments for depression are effective in reducing symptoms of depression, however many patients still remain vulnerable to relapse after the completion of treatment (Hawley, Zuroff, Ho, & Blatt, 2007). Antidepressants have been shown to prevent relapse of major depressive symptoms for as long as the medication is

Crisis Paper

2818 words - 12 pages Crisis Paper Casie Yu MCPHS University Patient Background Sammy is 27 year old, female patient who came into the hospital for opiates withdrawal/dependence. Sammy is white American and has been baptized but doesn’t attend to church regularly. She is admitted to the hospital for a detox for opiate dependence. Patient states that she currently uses “two bundles of heroin per day through shooting up for the past month. I also shoot

Drug and Alcohol Abuse

1897 words - 8 pages patients relapse within 6 months of treatment and 40% cycle through periods of relapse, treatment reentry, and recovery. Moore et al. (2014) also discussed individuals who reported poor coping skills, low self-efficacy and support along with stress and history of family substance abuse are at elevated risk for relapse when experiencing increases in cravings and affect. As counselors, we need to address this upfront with our clients so

Cognitive Therapy or Medication to Treat Depression

1492 words - 6 pages . Cognitive therapy is as effective treating depression as medication. Research supports cognitive therapy is an effective treatment alone for mild to moderately depressed patients. Severely depressed patients have also found relief from the combination of cognitive therapy and medication. Cognitive therapy is also an appropriate and effective treatment for patients that relapse or can’t tolerate medications. Contrary to

Prevention

865 words - 4 pages . By substance abuse being a learned behavior, the best prevention method is to provide the tools and techniques for the youth not to look at the risk around them that can drive them to using, but to ensure nonuse. In protecting the youth from the possibility of substance use and turning into abuse, the primary level of prevention is to be utilized. In primary prevention as stated “the human services is designed to prevent a disorder

Abuse Paper

1110 words - 5 pages Intimate partner abuse, as known as (IPV), is a problem amongst America that affects millions. The term intimate partner violence, describes physical, sexual, or psychological harm by a current or former partner or spouse. The abuse can occur among heterosexual or same-sex couples and does not necessary include sexual intimacy (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014). There are many issues associated with intimate partner abuse and

Related Papers

A Simple English Essay About Teen Drug Abuse And What Parents Can Do

973 words - 4 pages comfortable and clean lifestyle. Their entire facility is built on this method unlike a state run facility that uses the medical detox program and then tries to set up the patient in a different environment to prevent relapse. (Support Systems 6) They are a very expensive treatment center and are targeted for a certain part of the public.Although there are many options to treat drug abuse drug prevention and education is a crucial part of reducing

Gangsterilm Essay

1283 words - 6 pages avoiding places frequented by drug abusers and not associating with known drug abusers. Knowledge about drug use and abuse is key to preventing abuse in the first place and avoiding relapse among those who are recovering. Treatment list for Drug abuse: The list of treatments mentioned in various sources for Drug abuse includes the following list. Always seek professional medical advice about any treatment or change in

Bipolar And Substance Abuse Essay

2203 words - 9 pages morbidity have less outcomes than those with single diagnoses, such as an increasing psychiatric symptoms, homelessness, higher risk for relapse, institutionalization, poorer compliance and managing their lives (Davis, 2000). Upon recognizing the existence of people with co-occurring psychiatric and substance abuse disorders, the treatment of these individuals can be very challenging. One challenge is the poor fit between the dually diagnosed and

Drug Addiction Essay

625 words - 3 pages could wind up living the rest of your life with learning and communication problems. Inhaling strong chemicals can cause death when the drug abuser regurgitates and chokes on his own vomit. Prevention/Solution Find out all there is to know about the harmful effects of drug abuse and do not allow yourself to be tempted to take drugs. If you are already addicted to drugs, seek help right away. Contact a drug treatment center and talk to someone who can help you. Help someone you know who is addicted to drugs by persuading him to talk to a loved one or a guidance counselor at his school about his problem. Refer your friend to a drug treatment center.