AP European History
Textbook: pg. 338 to mid 343
16 January 2014
1. Why did the Renaissance first begin in Italy?
The Renaissance first began in Italy because Italy had better resources. Anyone was able to go to Italy in search for a fresh start while bringing new ideas people never questioned.
2. Why was Florence at the heart of the Italian Renaissance?
Florence was at the heart of the Italian Renaissance because it was started from Florence, and it was one of the wealthiest cities with significant power. The Medici family helped Florence become a cultural center for meetings or discussions about art.
3. What role did the Medici family ...view middle of the document...
-What was the goal of a "liberal arts" education? What were core subjects taught?
Humanism was taught in the name of liberal arts, a classical education, meaning freedom. The goal was to expand horizons for the mind and nurture civic value. The core subjects taught were Latin, Greek, mathematics, music, philosophy. As well as physical, moral, and social development through social graces, like dancing, courteous manners, riding, and fencing.
-What is meant by the term "civic humanism"?
Civic humanism focuses more on social, political, and moral philosophy of the 14 and 15 centuries. It includes active patriotic citizenship with an emphasis on education.
5. How did the Italian Renaissance differ from the Renaissance of the 12c?
The Italian Renaissance differs from the Renaissance of the 12c because it was more of a cultural movement while the 12c Renaissance was more of an era of invention with the upbringing of stable medieval thinking.
6. According to Castiglione, what are the basic attributes of the Renaissance courtier? How did the values of this courtier influence the development of a modern aristocratic class in Western Europe?
The basic attributes of the Renaissance courtier include noble birth, skill in arms, courage, handsome appearance, Sprezzatura, which is grace under pressure, dedication to ruler, piety, intelligence, and charismatic. These values influenced the development of a modern aristocratic class in Western Europe by setting standards for the rest of the men in the...