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Renaissance Art Essay

1462 words - 6 pages

Renaissance is the name of the period which had begun in Italy and spread to Europe from the fourteenth through sixteenth centuries. Developments in Italy around the turn of thirteenth century, inspired by Roman traditions, led to a major shift in Western European art. But the renaissance itself, actually began at fourteenth century with the revival of interest in ancient Greek and Roman texts and culture. (“A History of Western Art”, p 222) Those ancient Greek and Roman texts and culture brought or led way to some ideologies. An ideology is a set of aims and ideas.(“Wikipedia: Ideology , p 1) It presents some ideas to satisfy the intellectual needs of the society and reflects the reaction ...view middle of the document...

Under the arm of the God there is Eve still in her design process and left hand of God is gently touching to the shoulder of unborn baby, Jesus.
Madonna of the Meadow(Painting 2) by Raphael was painted in 1505. It is also a painting that carries the humanistic ideology. There are two figures and one figurine in the painting. Figurine is virgin Mary who is holding his beloved son Christ and her face is sad because of the scene which she is looking from above. In the scene Christ is standing in the security of his mother and his second cousin and playmate, gives him a cross, which can be commentated as he is mentioning his earthly mission.”In contrast to anxious figures of Michelangelo, Raphael's style is calm,harmonious and restrained.” (“A History of Western Art”, p 294) While baby Jesus figure in the Creation of Adam is represented muscled by the help of technique and shadows, baby Jesus figure in Madonna of the Meadow doesn't seem stressed and anxious as Michelangelo's baby Jesus figure. The humanistic sides of the figures are very contoured in both paintings and this is the humanistic ideology in those paintings.
The School of Athens(Painting 3) is also a fresco by Raphael which was painted on a wall of Stanza della Segnatura, known as private library of Julius II, in 1509. There are lots of figures in the fresco and each of them are represented by their profession groups. At the center of the fresco there are two significant figures representing Plato and Aristotle. “At the left, Plato carries his Timaeus, and at the right is Aristotle with his Ethics. “(“A History of Western Art”, p 394) While Plato pointing the sky, Aristotle is pointing the earth. They represent the endless controversy between this world and the other world which are mentioned and used frequently by Christian idea. Raphael also paints himself and Michelangelo in this fresco according to their personalities. Raphael is more social person than Michelangelo so he painted himself at the background of a group of geographers which is arguing something at the lower left corner and painted Michelangelo as a lonely figure at the center and below of the fresco. The figure who has the head of Michelangelo is actually Heraclitus, Ancient Greek philosopher. Main idea of the Raphael while integrating these two characters is to criticize Michelangelo. All those things assists the individualism idea and the fresco is a good reflection of that idea in terms of art.
Portraits of Federico da Montefeltro and His Wife Battista Sforza(Painting 8) are individualistic paintings. Federico da Montefeltro and Battista Sforza were very important people that they rule the land and they have many artists in their keep. The aristocrats supported the artists to reflect their wealth and status in their society mostly in that era but Federico da Montefeltro and Battista Sforza were liked by that era's artists because, as well as the support they give to the artists, they were letting them free...

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