Dear members of the examination board,
The present diploma paper is dedicated to the comparative study of repeated nomination of a person in the original and in the translation. We aim at revealing the specificity of repeated nomination usage as an expressive means in English and Russian. 236 examples of repeated nomination selected from the English fiction and their Russian translations served as material for our analyses.
The aim and tasks of the diploma paper determined the structure of the work. It consists of preface, two chapters, conclusion and bibliography. The first chapter is dedicated to the discussion of some theoretical questions, connected with our ...view middle of the document...
Factual function is performed by the names denoting different age groups, nationality, professional activity, social relationship ( e.g. cousin, boss, teacher, old man etc).
Modal function is based on the category of evaluation. Nominations of this kind help to disclose the relationships between characters. They are expressed by evaluating adjectives: for e.g.:
grand person, a little beauty, my squirrel, a nasty guy, pitiful fowl, silly sheep.
Characterizing function is based on the description of the character’s appearance, his emotional state. Any detail may be the object of description: hair, eyes, smile, voice, intonation, clothes etc.
The comparative analysis of the repeated nomination in the original and in the translation allows to make the following conclusions.
The repeated nomination can be preserved and omitted in the translation. When the repeated nomination is preserved in the translation, we observe either the full coincidence of the structure and imagery, or partial. In this case, the transformation of generalization or concretization is used. The full coincidence is observed when the repeated nomination performs factual function. For e.g.:
he turned to his brother-
in-law and host. (Chesterton). - Он повернулся к своему брату и хозяину.
Concretization is achieved with the help of additional meanings, which give a deeper description of the character. For e.g.