REVIEW OF HEALTH CARE IN UTTAR PRADESH
Healthy society is an important contributor to economic growth since it rebound the prosperity of a nation and nature of human capital. The aim of this report is to highlights the health status of the Uttar Pradesh in context of different indicators associated with the health. In this report we also point out current status of health centers, schemes and projects running in the Uttar Pradesh.
When measuring the health status of a state the important indicators we should consider are population, crude birth rate, crude death rate, infant and maternal mortality rate. In the case of Uttar Pradesh the different ...view middle of the document...
So in this report our aim is to explore in detail the current status of health condition of Uttar Pradesh.
3. Health Indicators
Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state of the country. One sixth of the population of the world lives in India and one sixth of Indian population leaves in Uttar Pradesh. Due to this high population implementing measures to control the indicators related to health is also lagging in the state.
The crude birth rate of the state decreased from 30.2(2005) to 26.1(2011) per 1000 people. But this value is below the crude birth rate at national level. The crude death rate of the state in 2005 is 8.6 and it is decreased to 7.6 in 2011.The difference between the crude birth rate and crude death rate will give us the Natural growth rate. The natural growth rate of the state is 16.9 per 1000 population in 2010-11. Infant mortality rate of the state in 2005 is 74.3 and it is decreased to 66.2 per 1000 population in 2010.The reason for high infant mortality rate is the delivery of the weak babies most probably in rural areas and scheduled castes. The probability of maternal death of women in Uttar Pradesh is about one in 42 lifetime risk while in Kerala it is only about one in 500 life time risks. Teenage pregnancy is an important reason for the high maternal rate of Uttar Pradesh.
Table.1 Important indicators of health
Indicators | Figures |
Population(2011) | 19,95,81,447 |
Birth rate(2011) | 26.1 |
Death rate(2011) | 7.6 |
Infant mortality rate(2010) | 66.2 |
Natural growth rate(2010) | 16.9 |
Maternal mortality rate(2010) | 345 |
Source: Uttar Pradesh stat.com, 2011
4. Health Infrastructure
4.1.Sub-Center As on rural health statistics in 2009 U.P has 20521 sub-centers. Out of which 36.7% has the labour rooms and 61.7% are functioning in own government building. According to rural health statistics in 2007 there is a shortage of more than 1000 multipurpose worker and14789 health workers.
4.2. Primary Health Center
Uttar Pradesh has about 3690 primary health centers. About 40% of PHCs (Primary Health Centers) has the labour rooms. According to rural health statistics in 2007 there is short fall of 1532 health assistants (females) and about 1000 ANM (Auxiliary Nurse Midwife).
4.3. Community Health Center
Uttar Pradesh 515 community health centers. About 40% of CHCs (Community Health Centers) has 30 or more beds. Almost all the CHC have operation theatre available in it. But there is a short fall of 263 Obstetricians, 263 Physicians and 373 Pediatricians according to 2007 rural health statistics.