Report1.Doc

925 words - 4 pages

Report1
910329-P903 Youngin, Choi

I think “welfare state” means the state which guarantees proper redistribution of income through social policies. The “redistribution” means the government and the people of upper class help the lowest class not only to survive, but also to do a productive role as members of society. In addition, according to the definition, welfare state pursues happiness of the country as a whole. So if there are citizens who cannot practice their own rights and be disadvantaged illegally, the society must try to solve the problem and compensate to them. In other words, in the welfare state the government and the people act as a sort of insurance for themselves. As a ...view middle of the document...

Male income earners are the nucleus of the social insurance, so family services like daycare service are not developed well in this state.
The final model is ‘social democratic’ welfare state. ‘Social democracy’ is political ideology to fix the harmful effects that capitalistic economy caused such as serious gap between rich and poor and to guarantee lives of workers. So universialism and de-commodification of social rights are principles of the state. The former means government tries to improve equity of the highest standard of living and the latter means various goods and services which are known as ‘commodities’ like education, daycare, medical care and so on are provided for free to people. The governments don’t wait until their citizen’s capacity is completely burned out. The results of policy are directly headed to caring for children, the aged and the helpless. Therefore, they could attain the full-employment paradigm in the labor market.
Sweden is classified to social democratic welfare state. The social democratic parties have seized the political power and developed redistribution policy actively in Sweden. And they underwent the most active change among the Nordic countries. First, labor union movement was on track in 1880’s. Social democratic party was established in 1889 and Labor Organization was founded on 8th August, 1989. Lots of acts for welfare such as “National Health Care Act” legislated in 1891, “Accident Insurance in workplace”, “Sick Pay” were introduced. And the social democratic party that had seized power in succession concentrated political power to establish universial social welfare system for the whole Swedish people. In addition after “National Pension Act” and “Child Allowance Law” were enacted in 1947, “Graduated Pension Scheme” and benefit of sick leave were extended in 1950’s and 60’s and then the delivery insurance,...

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