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Research Methods Essay

3052 words - 13 pages

Running head: GENDER DIFFERENCES IN SEASONAL MOODS





Effects of Seasonal Changes on Moods by Gender

Jessica Beauton

Albertus Magnus College

Abstract
The purpose of this research study was to determine how seasonal changes affect variances in moods between males and females. Twenty participants from Albertus Magnus College anonymously completed twenty questionnaires. After all twenty questionnaires were received we calculated the data using SPSS in order to compare male and females responses according to each individual season. Results showed that for all four seasons there is no significance between the variances in male and female’s moods. On the other hand, fall ...view middle of the document...

It reduces your productivity, motivation, energy, social life, and most of all, your happiness. This explanation has shed light into the reasoning behind people’s extreme mood changes throughout each season and how previous findings can aid further research.
Suhail and Cochrane (1998) conducted a study that established the pervasiveness of the impact of seasons on mood disorder presentation in Birmingham, AL, based upon gender and ethnicity. Researchers hypothesized that the frequency of admissions for depression would peak in winter, the effect of seasons would be stronger in the Asian population, there would be a significant seasonal affect on admissions for mood disorders but not on those for non-mood disorders, that only women would show significant seasonal variation in admissions for mood disorders, and climatic variables would predict monthly variation in admissions for affective disorders. They investigated hospital admission statistics for depression and mania that show significant seasonal patterns. The main results of the study were broken down by gender and three ethnic groups consisting of, Asian, white, and black. As results showed, admission frequencies for depression showed significant seasonal patterns (depression highest in the winter) whereas total admissions of bipolar and non-mood disorders didn’t show any significant seasonal variability. As for gender, it was evident that seasonality of admissions affected illness; winter peak for depression and summer peak for bipolar disorder in women only. The only ethnicity that showed significant seasonal variation in depression, with a greater number of depressive episodes in winter, was Asian. However, environmental variables related significantly to the incidence of mood disorders and reverse seasonal patterns for depression and mania proposed a maladaptive response of vulnerable individuals to specific functions of seasons.
N. Goel and D. Grasso (2004) conducted a study that explored discrimination differences between various lavender oil blends and their effects on transient mood in the morning and evening in depressed and nondepressed adults along with exploring seasonal influences on these measures. In order to conduct their study, researchers used the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) which classified participants as depressed or nondepressed throughout different times of the year. This test asked participants to compare pairs of two different lavender oil blends or a control. They also used the Profile of Mood States (POMS) in order to assess transient changes in mood after each trial of five lavender blends separated by three control odors. These tests were conducted in the morning from 8 AM through 10 AM and evening 6 PM through 8 PM. Results regarding seasonal affects showed summer-tested subjects demonstrated more tension in the morning whereas fall-tested participants showed the opposite effect in the evening. It also showed that winter and spring-tested...

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