9 February 2015
A great deal of service members have been to war in the past decade. Over half of these soldiers have been deployed more than once. Deployment does not only effect the soldier, but also his family, friends, and doctors. War affects everybody and it changes some people’s outlooks on life in general. There are many different situations that soldiers and their families must face upon returning from war. Psychological and physical difficulties due to the intensity and horrors of warfare have been recorded in history since the Trojan war and in all American wars. Even though the physical damage may heal, the mental stresses ...view middle of the document...
Some soldiers may come back without a single injury while others may come back without legs or arms. This becomes a daily struggle once put back into their communities. Many soldiers have to deal with hypersensitivity upon returning from war because of the extremely loud sounds and strong, disgusting smells. The causes of physical effects are very direct and are known right away. Many people have to live through life with a prosthetic leg or arm because of what they endured in the war zone. Higher chances of suicide is also apparent in most soldiers because they do not want to deal with the constant pain and reminder of what they have been through overseas while battling. “War’s stressors and injuries change neurotransmitters in the brain and hormones in the blood, causing the neurotransmitters to be out of sync and can cause sensations, feelings, and real world difficulties,” (Post Deployment Syndrome). This is the scientific way of explaining why an experience might cause physical harm to someone. Another physical effect of returning from war has to do with drug use. Many soldiers get used to taking certain drugs or drinking a certain amount while deployed because it helps the with the stress and pain of being away. There is a higher chance of these soldiers becoming drug abusers or dependent on alcohol because of what they are used to. This is what makes them feel normal now. The worst physical effect of war is irritibility. This causes soldiers to snap and sometimes even try to resolve conflicts with using violence. Child abuse and neglect becomes something that a soldier might also be dealing with. Since the soldier is used to using violence, it is easier to irritate them and help them get to a point where they think they need to respond with violence. This causes a very big stress on the children in the household because they are scared of who their parent or guardian has become and they know it is not fixable. Deployment leads to a lifetime of disabilities and hardships that do not go away over time. Even though one can have their organ or limb replaced with something, the memories of what happened will never leave their mind. This leads to many mental issues that soldiers also have to face upon returning from war.
Mental illness cannot be tested or fixed the way physical injuries can. The diagnosis of mental illness is based on interview that are used to evaluate, which is known as “neuro-psychological evaluations,” (Common Diagnosis, Medications & Side Effects for Combat and War Trauma). The biggest mental illness that is caused by deployment is Post Deployment Syndrome, or PDS. PDS causes anxiety, depression, slow processing throughout the brain and numbness. More specifically, Post-traumatic Stress Disorder, or PTSD. This disease can be obtained by anyone who has gone through a bad experience. 19% of the three million people who served in Vietnam, returned with Post-traumatic stress disorder. This causes them to have nightmares,...