Polytechnic University of the Philippines
Sta. Mesa, Manila
Main Causes and Effects of Depression to Students in Polytechnic University of the Philippines School Year 2013-2014
Debaloy, Phoebe Blanche J.
Dela Cruz, Fe Amor M.
Pajado, Maricris Q.
Yap, May Concepcion A.
Professor Jerahmeel Christine E. Torrefranca
January 17, 2014
The Problem and Its Background
Depression, also known as major depression, clinical depression or major depressive disorder is a medical illness that causes a constant feeling of sadness and lack of interest. Depression affects how the person feels, behaves and thinks. (Nordqvist 1) Furthermore, depression can lead ...view middle of the document...
It refers to the feeling of being sad, hopelessness, lack of energy, having no interest to the subject, having thought towards suicide. Furthermore, depression is the third cause of death for teens (National Institutes of Health, 2012).
There was also an article by Brunilda Nazario, MD (2012) that mentioned the common causes of depression-biology, genetics, gender, age, health conditions, trauma and grief, changes and stressful events, and medications and substances. In biology, it is said to be that there is a certain parts of the brain that it is not working normally; in genetics, if depression runs in your family, you have the higher chance of becoming depressed; in gender, studies show that women are about twice as likely as men to become depressed since their hormonal changes that women go through at different times of their lives may be a factor; in age, people who are elderly are at higher risk of depression. That can be compounded by other factors -- living alone and having a lack of social support; in health condition, conditions such as cancer, heart disease, thyroid problems, chronic pain, and many others increase your risk of becoming depressed; in trauma and grief, trauma, such as violence or physical or emotional abuse -- whether it's early in life or more recent -- can trigger depression. Grief after the death of a friend or loved one is in itself a normal emotion, but like all forms of loss can sometimes lead to depression; in changes and stressful events, it’s not surprising that people might become depressed during stressful times -- such as during a divorce or while caring for a sick relative; and in the medications and substances. Many prescription drugs can cause symptoms of depression. Alcohol or substance abuse is common in depressed people. It often makes their condition worse.
In contrast, another article was made by Natasha Tracy and reviewed by Harry Croft, MD (Psychiatrist) that stated the common effects of depression socially and academically. The social effects are: Substance use and abuse, social and family withdrawal. Physical effects, in addition, are over fatigue, sleeping problems, change in appetite or weight, and dizziness. Academically, depression has a negative...