Themes are important ideas in a literary work. Revenge is avenging the wrongful death of someone was a normal practice in Elizabethan times. Hamlet takes it to another level. Hamlet gets so rapped up in seeking vengeance for the death of his father he forgets about other aspects of his life. In his pursuit for revenge he accidentally kills Polonius. This leads to Laertes seeking vengeance against him. Then there is the theme of madness included in Hamlet and with all the killing that has happened who wouldnâ€™t go mad?
The first mentioned of revenge begins in Hamlet with the Ghost says to Hamlet â€œSo art thou to revenge, when thou shalt hearâ€ (1.5.7). He says that if Hamlet ever had love ...view middle of the document...
5.135-137). Laertes is so determined to carry out his revenge even if that means that when he dies in this world and damned in the next. Laertes initially thinks that King Claudius is the one who kills his father. When Laertes sees his sisterâ€™s madness it increases the fiery in him. King Claudis convinces Laertes that Hamlet is the reason for Poloniusâ€™s death and Opheliaâ€™s insanity. Laertes promises to go through with the revenge â€œmy revenge will comeâ€ (4.7.29). Apparently that wasnâ€™t good enough for King Claudius because he feels that he has to make sure that Laertes will go through with the revenge.
King Claudius basically tells Laertes that taking revenge only proves a manâ€™s love for his father. The King wants to know what Laertes will do to prove his love for father. Laertes says we would cut Hamletâ€™s throat in church. That statement pleases the King. Now the King can get Laertes to do anything even if itâ€™s the cowardly way of taking revenge.
Surprisingly Hamlet returns live from his trip to England that was suppose to ends his death. Hamlet agrees to a fencing match with Laertes. Before the match Hamlets apologizes to Laertes for killing Polonius saying that it was his madness causing him to do it. Laertes lies by saying that he is â€œsatisfied in natureâ€ meaning that he has accepted the apology and forgives Hamlet. Laertes still takes his revenge in a dishonorable manner. If everyone had to vengeance someoneâ€™s death would the killings ever cease?
The madness that Hamlet shows throughout leaves you wondering if it real or just pretends. One can presume that Hamlet pretends to be mad order to do and say whatever he wants. The first hint of madness with Hamlet has a conversation with himself over the idea with revenge it was appeared that he was having a battle with his conscience. But is it that he is insane or has drawn himself into a deep state of depression. Thereâ€™s no real evidence to if Hamlet was truly mad. Dictionary.com has 1 definition for insanity
â€œ1. a deranged state of mind usually occurring as a specific disorder (as schizophrenia) and usually excluding such states as mental retardation, psychoneurosis, and various character disorders b. a mental disorder 2. such unsoundness of mind or lack of understanding as prevents one from having the mental capacity by law to enter into particular relationship, status, or transaction or as removes one from criminal or civil responsibility.â€
If he is mad he its still witty enough to be remain logical. Polonius tells Claudius that Hamlet is mad which would mean that he no longer would pose a threat to the King. Claudius believes and Gertrude is reticent to believe that Hamlet is mad.
There were reviews from surveys from actors that have interpreted Hamletâ€™s madness.
â€œMichael Billington (Guardian 03/0780) saw Pennington's Hamlet...