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Reverened Essay

1922 words - 8 pages

Child Labour
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Child labour can be defined as the employment of children under the age of 18 years, it is considered by many people as the exploitation of children, and it is also considered to violate universal schooling and children rights. Children perform duties in factories, agriculture, domestic work, tourist guides, businesses and restaurants as waiters, extreme forms of child labour include child soldiers, trafficking and child prostitution.
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Introduction:
Child labour can be defined as the employment of children under the age of 18 years, it is ...view middle of the document...

Normative ethics:
 Normative ethics concentrates on classifying whether actions are wrong or right, the normative theories tends to observe the norms of actions to determine whether these actions are morally right or morally wrong, there are a number of normative theories, and they include consequential theory, deontology theory or duty theory and virtue ethic theories.[3]
 Consequential theories:
 The consequential theories states that an action is morally right if the actions themselves have an outcome that is beneficial, there are three consequential theories and they include the utilitarian theory, Altruism theory and the egoism theory. The utilitarian theory states that an action is right if the outcome of the action is beneficial to everyone, the egoism theory states that morally right actions are those whose outcome maximises benefits to the person performing them. And finally the Altruism theory states that an action is considered morally right if the outcome of the action is favourable to every person except the person performing the action.[4]
According to utilitarian theory child labour is morally wrong in that it does not beneficial to everyone, the children suffer and in some cases they are not paid, further these children should be attending school or performing school related duties other than working, there is a need to educate and train these children in order to prepare them for the job market and employing them before they complete their education will mean that this is violating their rights.
An example is the India gap kid clothing company where according to the UK reporters there was beating of children in the industry and further children were not paid for their work, child labour, the employers take advantage that children punishment is allowed in many countries and because children are not aware of their rights they are forced to undertake hard work.[5]
 Employers prefer to employ children because they provide cheap labour and also they are easy to control, children are also seen to be more obedient than adults, they therefore employ the children for the purpose of cutting down costs and also because the children are easy to control than the adults because adults are related with initiatives which include protests and formation of trade union. The employers benefit in this case and this is in line with the Altruism theory states that an action is considered morally right if the outcome of the action is favourable to every person except the person performing the action.
 The egoism theory which states that morally right actions are those whose outcome maximises benefits to the person performing them supports child labour in developing countries, this is because the children achieve financial dependence from their parents and also have a chance to earn money to achieve what they like than bother their children, the egoistic theory therefore supports child labour in developed countries where the child benefits and also the...

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