Review Of Literature

1305 words - 6 pages

Health promotion is an essential health care issue that should be implemented by all members of the health care team (Hosseini, Torab, Taghdisi, & Vardanjani, 2013). Nurses play a critical role in health promotion for patients, family, and community because we provide direct patient care and are able to see the whole picture of the client’s situation. The population of people with chronic illness is increasing and the health care needs of clients is trending in an upward fashion (Jadelhack, 2012). As members of the health care field, it is critical that nurses take a proactive approach in preventing the increasing trend of chronic, complex illnesses by promoting health for our patients, ...view middle of the document...

Nursing roles in health promotion include education on disease prevention, slowing or stopping disease progression, and changes in lifestyle to optimize health (Godwin, 2010). Education provided by nurses takes place in variety of settings including schools, communities, work sites, homes, acute care facilities, and long term facilities. Health education includes teaching people healthy living, reduction of risk factors, developmental factors, healthy behaviors, preventive care, and health resources. (Edelman, Kudzma, & Mandle, 2014). Taking a holistic approach by assessing the client’s cultural, emotional, spiritual, physical, and environmental needs is essential health education as well as understanding the client’s learning styles (Povlsen, 2011).
With the healthcare system ever evolving, nursing roles and responsibilities are changing. Nurses act as patient advocates, care deliverers and managers, consultants, healers, and researchers to improve patient outcomes and contribute to improvement of the health care system (Edelman, Kudzma, & Mandle, 2014). In order to meet the demands of the increase in the population of people with chronic illness, nurses must engage in ongoing evidence based research and evaluation to develop effective strategies for health promotion (Edelman, Kudzma, & Mandle, 2014). With more knowledge obtained through data collection the research of the disease process, more effective preventative measures have been discovered and continue to be implemented over time (Richard, et al., 2010). To continue to improve the overall health of society, nurses must continue to identify health improvement
Review of Literature: Health Promotion 4
priorities; improve public understanding of factors of health, disease, and disability; provide objectives and goals for the public at local, state, and national levels; engage in health policy improvement; and identify the needs for research, evaluation, and healthcare data (Department of Health and Human Services, 2012).
Nurses implement health promotion in community setting, hospitals, schools, clinics, and nursing facility. The health promotion process in a nursing setting includes assessment, nursing diagnosis, planning, implementation, and evaluation (Edelman, Kudzma, & Mandle, 2014). The nursing assessment includes data collection and analysis to identify the client’s situation. Physical, environmental, cultural, spiritual, emotional, and educational data are collected during the nursing assessment. The next step is to develop nursing diagnosis(es) and prioritize the identified problems (Edelman, Kudzma, & Mandle, 2014). Once the problems are identified, the planning of care can take place. The plan includes written goals, problems, expected outcomes from the patient/family/community, and interventions that will be taken to achieve the goals and improve outcomes (Edelman, Kudzma, & Mandle, 2014). In planning for health promotion, the nurse needs to taylor the...

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