Review of Bail Bond System
To begin the process of bail, first there must be a suspect, an arrest, a police report filled out, and charges filed against the suspect. From here, there are five possible release options: own recognizance, property bond, cash bond, surety bond, and citation release. In the following paragraphs, I will present each of these topics and show how they are typically used.
The most commonly used form of release from jail, until the court date, is own recognizance (O.R.) This program is used through the county or the specific law enforcement managed pre-trial program. In order to determine whether a suspect can be released by ...view middle of the document...
The reason for using cash to release a suspect from jail until the scheduled court date is to ensure that the suspect will attend his/her own court hearing on the selected date, and also for any other court dates that may need to be issued until the case in decided upon. If the suspect does show up for their court hearing, the money will be given back to the person who put forth the money. If the suspect does not show up for their court date, the court can claim the money for forfeiture.
Do not have the cash? Do not have the property? Not always a problem! A surety bond is another type of bond used to release a suspect from jail until their court date. The surety bail is an alternative to the cash bond. This process involves an insurance company that can be under a contractual undertaking the guarantees the company has the necessary amount of money of property that will complete the amount of the bond. The bail agent will have to guarantee to the court that they will pay the amount due if the suspect does not return on their scheduled court date. This guarantee is made through a surety company and/or by the pledge of property that the bail agent currently owns.
Last, but certainly, no least is the citation release. Also known at the “Cite Out” the citation release encompasses the discretion of the arresting officer at the time of the arrest. At any time immediately after the arrest, the arresting officer may issue a citation release to the suspect. The arresting officer will notify the suspect that he or she must appear in front of a judge in court, on a date that will be determined in the following days. This type of release will determine solely on the police officer’s discretion and the honor of the suspect and his or her voluntarily showing up to their court hearing. The arraignment will usually be help anywhere from two week to a month from the date of the release. If the suspect were to remain in custody of the police at that point he will be transported to the court by the county or city facility in which he or she is being held.
After Maurice Clemmons murdered four Lakewood Officers on a cold night in November, it took just over two months, February 2nd, 2010, for Governor Christine Gregoire to...