India is the largest democracy in the world. We all pay taxes. Even a beggar on the street pays sales tax when he buys anything from the market. This money belongs to us. But do we know where does this money go? RTI gives us a right to question governments. In 1975 SC declared that the citizens right to know flow's directly from the fundamental right to freedom of speech and expression.RTI is directly linked to the Right to Life which includes the right to food, health, education, liberty, etc. and the denial of information is a denial of these rights. If we do not have information on how our Government and Public Institutions function, we cannot express any informed opinion on ...view middle of the document...
For Indian Govt, it took 82 years to transition from an opaque system of governance to one where citizens can demand the right to information. It was passed by Parliament on 15 June 2005 and came fully into force on 13 October 2005.
Ensure citizens right to information
to promote transparency/accountability to the governed
to contain corruption
to have informed citizens & democracy
The Act is applicable to whole of India except Jammu and Kashmir . It is applicable to all constitutional authorities, including the executive, legislature and judiciary; any institution or body established or constituted by an act of Parliament or a state legislature. Also, all the bodies which are owned, controlled or substantially financed" by government, including non-Government organizations are also covered in it.
The Act empowers every citizen to:
Ask any questions from the Government or seek any information.
Take copies of any governmental documents.
Inspect any governmental documents.
Inspect any Governmental works.
Take samples of materials of any Governmental work.
Information means any material in any form including records, documents, memos, e-mails, opinions.