Rise Of Nationalism In Europe Essay

689 words - 3 pages

Rise of Nationalism in Europe

The term Nationalism is closely associated with the root word Nation. Since times immemorial, Nation has been described in various ways but still holding on to a common core. One such instance is the lecture delivered by a French philosopher, Ernst Renan (1823-1892) at the University of Sorbonne, where he explained a Nation as the culmination of long past of The term Nationalism is closely associated with the root word Nation. Since times immemorial, Nation has been described in various ways but still holding on to a common core. One such instance is the lecture delivered by a French philosopher, Ernst Renan (1823-1892) at the University of Sorbonne, where he ...view middle of the document...

According to M.S. Anderson “nineteenth-century nationalism, in so far as it can be defined in objective terms, was above all linguistic nationalism” (M.S. Anderson, The Ascendancy of Europe 1815-1914, p.214) and literacy in national language was a pre-condition to create a strong nation.

This fact was reflected throughout Europe in two different ways. On the one hand in the development of strong nation states like France and Germany, where the nation grew in strength by using a unified national language and simultaneously suppressing minority languages or dialects. On the other hand, “lesser” nationalities could develop their own languages and enhance their claims to create independent states as it happened in the multi-national Austrian Empire.

But how was it possible to transform a traditionally illiterate majority of the European population, who spoke numerous different languages and dialects, into literate citizens during the 19th century and let, as a consequence of this, to the significant increase in national movements...

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