Torah (the Law) "…means "teaching" or "instruction"…(Harris, 3) for mankind. The Torah includes both the Oral Law and the Written Law. In addition, the Law is an extension of sacred oral tradition, thus broadening the meaning of Torah to designate the entire body of Jewish laws, customs, and ceremonies.
Nevi'im( the Prophets) "…consists of narratives relating to Israel's …" (Harris, 3) history as a nation on its land and a "…collections of oracles" (Harris, 6) . Supporters of God's covenant do battle against the paganism of neighboring groups and among the Israelites themselves. The Prophets seem to have become ...view middle of the document...
Eventually, Naomi’s husband and sons died, and she decided to return to Bethlehem in Judea (Ruth 1:1-7).
In the first act, Naomi tells her Moabite daughters-in-law, Orpah and Ruth, to stay in Moab. Orpah eventually agreed, but Ruth refused to leave Naomi and accompanied her to Bethlehem (Ruth 1:8-22).
The next act sees Ruth gathering barley in the fields of Naomi’s relative, Boaz, who showed special concern for Ruth ( Ruth 2:1-23).
The third act takes place at the threshing floor where, at Naomi’s instigation, Ruth hides until Boaz falls asleep and then quietly lies down by his feet. When Boaz awakes, Ruth expresses her desire to marry him according to the custom of the kinsman-redeemer. Boaz tells her that another man has a prior claim (Ruth 3:1-18). Finally, at the city gate, the other relative renounces his claim, and Boaz marries Ruth (Ruth 4:1-12).
The Book of Ruth concludes with a genealogy that may be read either as integral to the story or as an external addition. The genealogy makes Ruth an ancestress of David and, therefore, of a Davidic messiah (Ruth 4:13-18).
Ruth was willing to forgo her future in Moab, her people, her gods and even her ancestral burial plot to be stay with Naomi. The theme of Ruth is the Lord's provident protection of the faithful (Ruth 2:12). Because of the faithfulness of a destitute young widow, the Lord brought Ruth and Naomi out of deep tragedy and sorrow to joy, prosperity, and honor.
The Book of Esther, basic plot is as follows:
Ahasuerus, the King of Persia, is married to Queen Vashti (Esther 1:3-8). He holds an opulent banquet for seven days to display his wealth, while Queen Vashti hosts a similar feast for the noble women (Esther 1:9). At the climax of the feasting the King commands the Queen to appear at the main banquet "…wearing her royal diadem, in order to show off her beauty." (Esther 10:11)." The Queen refuses, the King is angry, and he banishes her. The King then publicly declares a search for a replacement.
Hadassah (Esther) is selected to be the King Ahasuerus new wife. She does not reveal her background as a Jew. Her cousin, Mordecai overhears a plot against the king. Mordecai reports to Esther, who tells Ahasuerus, and gives Mordecai credit.
The King's prime minister Haman convinces King Ahasuerus to authorize him to deal with the Jews as he pleases. Using the king's own signet ring, Haman issues an edict ordering the Jews, including women and children, to be killed and their properties plundered.
Mordecai informs Esther of Haman's role in the plot, Esther agrees to help at the risk of her own life. Esther's scheme, in which she will save her people, but expose the evil Haman at the same time, is hosting a banquet and telling the King during the feast. (Esther Chapters 5-8).
King Ahasuerus has Haman hung on the high gallows that Haman had had built for Mordecai, and Mordecai becomes prime minister in Haman's place. King Ahasuerus authorizes Esther to...