Roman Punic Wars, Circumstances And Overall Effect. Also Gracchan Turbulence

1112 words - 5 pages

The circumstance for the Roman Punic Wars towards Rome was a simple humanreaction. If an outsider such as Italy, Carthage, or Greece make threats towards Rome,Rome will simply fight. The Punic Wars lasted in 3 stages, all resulting to the obsessivepride and higher standings of Rome. Rome's initial desire of expansion was only forfarming land. Romans believed like anyone else that victory brought them honor as wellas a strong, political career. Rome strongly had their victory of Italy due to their militarydiscipline. Cowards were not welcome in the Roman Army. If a Roman fled from hisstandings, or left his comrades to die, they would receive severe punishment from thegenerals worse than the ...view middle of the document...

Rome however was stilldedicated to victory and nothing less. Eventually Rome utilized their allies throughoutItaly and defeated Carthage. Carthage lost Sicily, Sardinia, and the Islands of Corisca.Slowly Rome was developing into an empire, yet still in fear of beingoverpowered by their allies. Carthage expanded into Spain, who was at the time rich inmetal. Carthage obtained manpower and had their army led by the great "militarygenius" Hannibal. Hannibal used elephants in his battles which the Romans were notfamiliar with. Rome was losing power through Hannibal's Army, rapidly taking backItaly. In the battle of Cannae, the great Hannibal destroyed a Roman army of 60,000soldiers. This was the largest single force ever placed by Rome. Another concern forRome was their reign of loyalty being lost in mostly Southern Italy. Southern Itay wasbeginning to praise Hannibal and become loyal to him. Rome was losing its form ofdiscipline. Hannibal was feared by the people of Rome, "a modern-day bogeyman to theRoman children". It was said that if a Roman child misbehaved, their parents wouldscare them by saying Hannibal will come for you. Shortly, Rome invaded North Africawhile threatening Carthage. Hannibal had no choice but to withdraw his troops fromItaly in order to defend for Carthage. In the great battle of Zama, The great Hannibal wasdefeated by Scipio Africanus ending the second Punic War. The 3rd and last of the PunicWars, Carthage was completely destroyed, finalizing Rome to be the strongest Empirethroughout the Mediterranean Area. In social aspects, Rome's discipline created trustwithin the army, and loyal citizens ready to fight for Rome. A farmer of Rome is said tobe able to...

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