Rosenberg Trial Essay

1368 words - 6 pages

Rosenberg TrialOne of the most controversial cases of the twentieth century was the Rosenberg Case. The sensational case left all of America in great shock. Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were charged with conspiracy to commit espionage in the year of 1951. Julius Rosenberg was providing top secret information to the Soviet Union. His wife, Ethel Rosenberg, was primarily arrested to lay in the possibility of threatening her with prosecution as a means of convincing Julius to talk (Linder 3). David Greenglass, the brother of Ethel Rosenberg, prepared handwritten notes and sketches relating to a high-explosive lens mold being developed in a Los Alamos laboratory. According to Greenglass, those ...view middle of the document...

"The Red Scare, which peaked during the roughly seven years between 1947 and 1954, came to dictate the mindset of Americans during the early stages of Cold War. Marked by such unsettling events as the Alger Hiss Trial of 1948, the passage of the McCarren Internal Security Act and the rise of red-seeing Senator Joseph McCarthy, the Red Scare raged across the country, fueled by fear of the harmful doctrines of the rapidly advancing Soviet Union. It was on the pinnacle of this paranoia and distrust that the trial and execution of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg came to dominate the American headlines" (Casalapi 1). There were communist parties forming in the United States during the early 1900s and caused for the United States to be paranoid. After the confrontation with Germany and Soviet Union the United States looked down upon communism.The Rosenbergs were primarily found guilty because of the time their case had taken place. The severity of the punishment was intense. "I consider your crime worse than murder. Plain deliberate contemplated murder is dwarfed in magnitude by comparison with the crime you have committed. In committing the act of murder, the criminal kills only his victim. The immediate family is brought to grief and when justice is meted out the chapter is closed. But in your case, I believe your conduct in putting into the hands of the Russians the A-bomb years before our best scientists predicted Russia would perfect the bomb has already caused, in my opinion, the Communist aggression in Korea, with the resultant casualties exceeding 50,000 and who knows but that millions more of innocent people may pay the price of your treason. Indeed, by your betrayal you undoubtedly have altered the course of history to the disadvantage of our country" (Judge). Judge Irving R. Kaufman accused them for the death of all the American that died in Korea because of what they have done.The Rosenbergs also wrongly found guilty because of the lack of evidence against them. "The Rosenbergs went to trial in March 1951. David Greenglass testified against them in exchange for a lesser sentence. With the pervasive anticommunist crusade already under way in the United States, the Rosenbergs had little chance of a fair trial. Ethel Rosenberg was convicted and sentenced to death, despite a lack of direct evidence linking her to Julius's activities" (Ethel Rosenberg). Ethel Rosenberg had very little evidence against yet she was still sentenced to the death penalty. She pleaded her innocence till the end. Her last words were "I have no names to give. I am innocent." "The only direct evidence of the Rosenberg's involvement was the confession of Greenglass. The left-wing community believed that the Rosenbergs were prosecuted because of their membership in the Communist Party" (The Rosenberg Trial Begins). The lack of evidence...

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