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Running Head: Narcissistic Personality Disorder Narcissistic Personality Disorder And Its Psychopathology. Treatments And Overview Of Varies Theories

7436 words - 30 pages

Running head: Narcissistic Personality DisorderNarcissistic Personality DisorderIn APA StyleAaron McCollOntario CanadaNarcissistic Personality DisorderThe Disorder and its FeaturesNarcissistic Personality Disorder The narcissistic personality disorder is a complicated and often misunderstood disorder. The primary feature of the narcissistic personality is the grandiose sense of self-importance, yet underneath this grandiosity the narcissist suffers from a unceasingly fragile low self-esteem. The grandiosity of the narcissist, however, is often so pervasive that we tend to dehumanize him or her. The narcissist conjures in us images of the mythological character Narcissus who could only love ...view middle of the document...

Narcissistic disturbance can be found in everyone. An individual's existence would surely be in jeopardy if some narcissistic traits were not present.The Development of ProblemsThe development of problems occurs when narcissistic traits become exaggerated in an individual's personality. During the first eighteen months of life an infant is provided with narcissistic defences. The infant is able to experience being the center of their mother's world and an oneness with the mother develops. Being the center of the mother's world makes the child feel powerful and omnipotent and they know no limits to their world. However, a psychological transformation near the end of the eighteen-month period causes the disintegration of the child's oneness with the mother to take place. When this separation period begins the experiences of the child determines the development of the ego and the onset of NPD. These experiences encompass the mother's ability to be responsive and sensitive to the needs of the child during the first eighteen months. Also, significant in the develop of the ego is the limits and consequences the parents provide between two and ten and the amount of abuse or trauma the child receives during the first seven years of life. This abuse does not necessarily have to come from trauma induced by parents. Authority figures or peers can also be the culprits. A pattern of grandiosity, excessive need for admiration, entitlement, and lack of empathy are the chief components in the diagnosis of NPD. These behaviours begin in early adulthood. A narcissistic individual is unable to trust, relies on others, and thus develops numerous, superficial relationships to extract tributes from others. Because a narcissistic individual has a changing morality--always ready to shift values to gain favour --any relationship with a narcissist has difficulty. Their tendency is to form friendships or romantic relationships with only those that can enhance their self-esteem or advance their purposes. A narcissistic individual has a basic sense of inferiority. Under this inferiority is a preoccupation with fantasies of outstanding achievement and an aimless orientation toward superficial interests. The narcissist uses others to aid them in any tasks they assume and will frequently take credit for work which others have done. The narcissistic individual may be more successful at their chosen field of work than some of the other personality disorders because their narcissism is advantageous in their employment especially if their work provides narcissistic supply. However, typically they are never able to direct their interests long enough to completely develop any long-term projects and if these projects are completed they may not be of the highest quality.Narcissists will over inflate their own accomplishments, are boastful, and pretentious. Although he or she may impress others with knowledge and decisiveness, a narcissistic person's information base is often limited...

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