This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Russian Revolution Civil War Essay

623 words - 3 pages

'The Bolsheviks only won the Civil War because of violence and terror.' To what extent does this statement accurately for the reasons for Red victory?
The Bolsheviks were victorious because they were a stronger, more cohesive team than those of the White Army. It can be argued that for any civil war to come toa definite end, one side must be decisively victorious. Since history can attest to the Bolsheviks’ victory, it can be argued that they won primarily because of their own strengths and not because of their enemies’ shortcomings. When examined more closely, it can be seen that the Bolsheviks’ were superior in their economic, military and political policies and could therefore decisively defeat the White Army.
One main advantage the Bolsheviks had, was that they were concentrated in the cities they had seized, such as Petrograd and Moscow. Thus, this consolidated their power in ...view middle of the document...

Bolsheviks were able to coordinate military operations in a more rational way, especially with use of railways. This is one of many reasons of why the Red's triumphed over the Whites in the Russian Civil War.
One utmost reason why the White's lost the Russian Civil war, was simply, because they could not make up their minds. The Whites were made up of different groups with different aims including tsarists, capitalists, cossacks, okrana members basically ANYONE who opposed communism, this lead to trouble 'cos civil fights often broke out between white soldiers. . Whereas the Reds had one aim, which was to complete the Bolshevik takeover of Russia, and in which they succeded because their message was so simple to spread. This sealed the fate of the Whites, and was one of the reasons behind the Red's glorious victory.i
The red army had a strict commissar for war, Leon Trotsky, who was ruthless with controlling his army. Historian Richard Pipes main criticism of Trotsky during the Civil War was "the brutality with in which he pursued his goals." He bribed and blackmailed tsarist generals, ex-cossaks and whites to join his army , sometimes kidnapping family members. The Bolshevik "secret" ruthless army the Cheka, seized grain and food from the peasants, so the red army had food, except this had terrible long term consequences like the first ever man made famine in Russia after the war, where peasants resorted to cannibalism in some cases. By May 1918, the Red Army had 306,000 men under their influence, this figure drastically rose to over 445,000 by December 1920. By the end of the Civil War, the Bolsheviks had a whooping 5.5 million mobilized men, though only 800,00 were actual combatants. These were some of the many reasons of which the Red's won the Civil War.
All in all, the Red army won the Civil War, not due to violence and terror, but because of their smart and innovative leaders, their ruthless army and their simple, but yet powerful aim. So in spite of it all, NO, the Red's did not win the Civil war due to violence and terror.

Other Essays Like Russian Revolution Civil War

October Revolution - Cause and Consequence

1340 words - 6 pages ceded large amounts of Russian territory. Shortly after the October Revolution, the Russian Civil War broke out between the 'Reds' (Communists) and the 'Whites' (Nationalists, Conservatives, Imperialists and other anti-Bolshevik groups). After a bloody four year struggle Lenin and the Reds won, establishing the Soviet Union in 1922, at an estimated cost of 15 million lives and billions of roubles. In 1923 Lenin died and Stalin took over the Communist Party, which continued to rule Russia until 1991 when the USSR was dissolved. However, despite these outcomes, the October revolution was in large measure a valid expression of popular aspirations.

Causes of the Russian Revolution Essay

665 words - 3 pages Russian Revolution were World War One, poverty, and the Russo-Japanese War. Communism had major effects in the world, because it caused many of the major wars in modern history. Communism affected the whole world, not only the countries which became communist. This is why we should be able to determine the major causes of such a significant event in history. One of the most important causes of the Russian Revolution was the First World

Why Did the 1905 Russian Revolution Fail

550 words - 3 pages legalising of trade unions, which many liberals in particular saw as enough of a success to abort the revolution. This meant that through a combination of concession and repression the Tsarist’s government could easily control the revolution. The Russian defeat in the Russio-Japanese war was also a reason for its failure, although it too was a cause of the revolution. It was a failure on one hand because of how quickly it was over. Had it continued, it had the potential to fuel an even bigger, more organised revolt. So through a policy of concession and repression, state authority and divided opposition the 1905 revolution failed.

comparison of trotsky and lenin

1486 words - 6 pages establishment and consolidation of this communist state in Russia between 1919 and 1924, were: the October Revolution, the Civil War, and the New Economic Policy. Thus, in order to understand the extent and nature of these two mens’ contributions to the establishment and consolidation of the regime, it is vital to analyse their roles in these three main events. The October Revolution itself occurred rather rapidly on the 25th-26th of October 1917

Why was there a revolution in Russia in 1905?

374 words - 2 pages The Russian Revolution of 1905 was both anti-government and undirected violence against its Tsar. It was not controlled or managed. The causes were simple, freedom/democracy, food/jobs, which were led by the Socialist Revolutionary party and the workers, influenced by Marxism, were represented in the Bolshevik and Menshevik wings of the Social Democratic Labor party.The revolution was the culmination of a long period of repression and unrest

Duma Member: Right Or Left?

1564 words - 7 pages , as the reader will uncover a more in-depth look at how it was like to be a rightist politician during the first twenty years of the century. Before World War I, Shulgin describes the process of electing deputies into the Duma, as well as the duties of its members. During the war, his leadership comes out as he becomes a soldier. With his actions after the war and on the eve of revolution, we see his true nature as a Russian, which might also

The Soviet Tragedy

1349 words - 6 pages the dictatorship of Party, then Stalin’s and ending with a high totalitarianism system. QuESTIONS After the France Revolution and Napolean crisis, peace, economic and democratic development were stable. Due to that, the First World War (I WW) was considered the beginning of the short, somber, tragic and violent twentieth century. It passes through the collapse of Communism until the end of the Cold War. “The war itself produced the Russian

ww1 responsible for downfall of Tsarist regime

1150 words - 5 pages . His fatal decision to go to the front to command Russian troops in WW1 proved to be a catalyst for the revolution, he left behind him in Petersburg his wife Alexandra and the mysterious 'man of god' Rasputin. Alexandra was deeply attached to Rasputin as he had the power to hypnotize and heal her hemophiliac son Alexis when he was bleeding. As Alexandra had a lot of power when Nicholas was away Rasputin was able to influence her to the extent

problems faced by the Tsar

1148 words - 5 pages . His fatal decision to go to the front to command Russian troops in WW1 proved to be a catalyst for the revolution, he left behind him in Petersburg his wife Alexandra and the mysterious 'man of god' Rasputin. Alexandra was deeply attached to Rasputin as he had the power to hypnotize and heal her hemophiliac son Alexis when he was bleeding. As Alexandra had a lot of power when Nicholas was away Rasputin was able to influence her to the extent that

Policemen of the World

997 words - 4 pages expansion by having access to overseas markets and materials. Three international incidents from the past five years that can be traced back to a foreign policy created after the Civil War are Vietnam, Somalia, and Iraq. The Vietnam War began in 1955 and was fought between communist North Vietnam and South Vietnam. The regime of North Vietnam and its allies known as the Viet Cong were supported by the Russian government while South

Russia Stuff

1901 words - 8 pages minority groups and that it cooperate with private organizations that had formed to promote the war effort. * Impact of Rasputin An unwashed sexually promiscuous peasant helped to bring down the empire of the Tsars in Russia. In the years before the Russian Revolution, Rasputin, who styled himself a holy man, became the confidant of the Tsar and Tsarina of Russia. His growing

Related Papers

The Russian Civil War Essay

1323 words - 6 pages The Russian Civil War Between 1918 and 1921 there was a civil war in Russia. The war was between the reds, who were the communists/Bolsheviks, and the whites who were the either Tsarists or anti-communists. The whites also had help by the way of foreign intervention and in this essay I am going to explain what happened and how this helped the communists win the Russian civil war. One reason why the communists won

Cause(S) Of Russian Civil War Essay

618 words - 3 pages Chapter 14 The Civil War The Civil War was fought right across Russia, involving several different forces. The Reds were the defenders of Lenin, supporters of his revolution. The Whites were a lose collection of anti-Red forces, most of which desired a return to a traditional Tsarist-regime. The Greens were opponents of both the Reds and the Whites and were in favour of a radical alternative to communist style of government. Greens wanted

Causes For The Russian Civil War

659 words - 3 pages power the Czechs defeated the Reds in most of Siberia and gave help to their white opponents. The second reason for which the Czech legion was important for the Russian civil war was that they gave leeway for other foreign armies to join the fight against the reds. The third cause of the Russian civil war was the foreign opposition to the Bolshevik government. This opposition was due to two interconnected factors. The first being that the

Comparing The American Revolution And The American Civil War

854 words - 4 pages As we study American history we see that the saying, 'History repeats itself' reveals much truth. As we look closer at the American Revolution and the American Civil War, we can find many similarities between the two. Another saying that is made known is that 'We learn from our mistakes,'; but even the greatest men and women of our history did not follow. The main causes for both wars were the fight for liberty. If we are to analyze this issue