Unit 2: Understand how to safeguard and protect children and young people in residential childcare – URN T/506/8363
1. Understand the context of safeguarding and protection of children and young people.
2.1 – Safeguarding is a term, which is broader than “child protection” and relates to the action taken to promote the welfare of children and protect them from harm. Safeguarding is everyone’s responsibility. Safeguarding is defined in working together to safeguard children 2013 as:
* Protecting children from maltreatment.
* Preventing impairment of children’s health and development.
* Ensuring that children grow up in circumstances consistent with the provision ...view middle of the document...
Child protection is the promotion of a child’s welfare and includes activities undertaken to prevent children suffering or likely to suffer harm.
2.3 – Current legislation and national guidelines affecting the safeguarding and protection of children and young people are:
* Children act 1989
* United nations convention on the rights of the child 1989
* Human rights act 1998
* Data protection act 1998
* Education act 2002
* Children act 2004
* Childcare act 2006
* Children and young persons act 2008
* Immigration act 2009
* Local safeguarding children’s board regulations 2010
* Equality act 2010
* Working together to safeguard children 2013
* Care act 2014
* The national minimum standards 2015
Policies and procedures affecting the safeguarding and protection of children and young people:
* Childcare practice
* Child protection
* Risk assessment
* Ensuring the voice of the child or young person is heard (advocacy)
* Supporting children and young people and others who may be expressing concerns
* Working practices that protect practitioners and children/young people
2. Understand policies and practices for the protection of children and young people and the adults who work with them.
3.4 – It is important to ensure children and young people are protected from harm and abuse because being abused or neglected can seriously affect a child’s health, development and well-being and these effects can last throughout adulthood. They can include anxiety, depression, substance misuse, eating disorders and self-harm. As an adult, the individual can find it difficult to form close relationships, find and keep a job and to be an effective parent.
The way in which abuse or neglect takes place can affect the way the child is able to deal with it. In addition, experience has shown that the way in which parents and professionals respond to concerns about a child’s welfare affects what happens to the child. Parents and staff need to be aware that children who have been harmed may be fearful of talking about what has happened to them.
3.5 – Serious case reviews and official inquiries are crucial as they examine all agencies involved to ensure that they are actively involved and working together as they should be. When professionals are found to be negligent in their involvement or procedures, the review is able to highlight where the mistakes were made. A recent example of this is the case of Victoria Climbie. Intervention or actions should have been taken that could have avoided her death if the professionals involved had worked together and if findings had been acted on in the correct way. As a result of this high profile case, measures were put in to action to prevent the same mistakes being made in the future. This case is a good example of how official inquiries and serious case reviews are used to inform practice. As a result of...