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Schizophrenia Essay

2383 words - 10 pages

During the 1950s, mentally disordered people who were harmful to society andthemselves could be treated with medications and were able to return safely to theircommunities. During the 1980s, the cost of health care increased more than any othercost in our national economy. As a result, strategic planning has been made to reducecosts. "The political decision made to deinstitutionalize chronic mental patients startedwith the appearance of phenothiazine medications. Dramatically reducing the instabilityinfluenced by psychosis, these medications were of great significance to manyindividuals with serious mental disorders. At both the state and federal levels,legislators looked at the high cost of ...view middle of the document...

Since their brain functionsdifferent than the usual human being they can't cope with the problems of life. Theschizophrenics drive themselves crazy wanting to kill themselves and others in order toescape from this perplexing world.Schizophrenia is the most common psychoses in the United States affectingaround one percent of the United States population. It is characterized by a deepwithdrawal from interpersonal relationships and a retreat into a world of fantasy. Thisplunge into fantasy results in a loss of contact from reality that can vary from mild tosevere. Psychosis has more than one acceptable definition. The psychoses aredifferent from other groups of psychiatric disorders in their degree of severity,withdrawal, alteration in affect, impairment of intellect, and regression.The severity of psychoses is considered major disorders and involves confusionin all portions of a person's life. Psychosis is seen in a wide range of organic disordersand schizophrenia. These disorders are severe, intense, and disruptive. A person witha psychotic disorder suffers greatly, as do those in his or her immediate environment.Individuals suffering from withdrawal are said to be autistic. That is, the personwithdraws from reality into a private world of his or her own. The psychotic individual ismore withdrawn than a person with a neurotic disorder or any other mental disorder.The affect, mood, or emotional tone in a person with a psychotic disorder is immenselydifferent from that of normal affect. In the mood disorders, one observes theexaggeration of sadness and cheerfulness in the form of depression and mania. In theschizophrenic disorders, affect may be exaggerated, flat, or inappropriate.In psychotic disorders, the intellect is involved in the actual psychotic process,resulting in derangement of language, thought, and judgment. Schizophrenia is calleda formal thought disorder. Thinking and understanding of reality are usually severelyimpaired. The most severe and prolonged regressions are seen in the psychoses,regression. There is a falling back to earlier behavioral levels. In schizophrenia thismay include returning to primitive forms of behavior, such as curling up into a fetalposition, eating with one's hands, and so forth. The symptoms of schizophrenia usuallyoccur during adolescence or early adulthood, except for paranoid schizophrenia, whichusually has a later onset. The process of schizophrenia is often slow, with theexception of catatonia, which may have an abrupt onset. As an adolescent, a personwho later develops schizophrenia is often antisocial with others, lonely, and depressed.Plans for the future may appear to others as vague or unrealistic.It is possible that there may be a pre-schizophrenic phase a year or two beforethe disorder is diagnosed. This phase may include neurotic symptoms such as acute orchronic anxiety, phobias, obsessions, and compulsions or may reveal dissociativefeatures. As anxiety mounts, indications of a thought disorder...

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