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Schizophrenia Essay

4715 words - 19 pages

2015
Critically discuss how people who have been diagnosed with schizophrenia are able to live
positively with their disorder

Student No: 47851449
Due date: June 17th 2015
Assignment 3
PYC4802
Psychopathology

Fatima-H

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. Introduction........................................................................................... ...view middle of the document...

3

2. Definition of Schizophrenia................................................................... ...view middle of the document...

3

3. Diagnostic criteria of Schizophrenia...................................................... ...view middle of the document...

4

4. Hallmark features of Schizophrenia...................................................... ...view middle of the document...

5

5. Living ...view middle of the document...

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14

6. Conclusion...............................................................................................

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7. References...............................................................................................

15

1. Introduction
According to Burke (2012) schizophrenia is a “severe and persistent condition” that
potentially involves all areas of human psychological functioning, including behaviour,
cognition, emotion and perception”. Eugen Bleuler first used the word Schizophrenia, which
means “split mind”. This split refers to a split between intellect, emotion, behaviour and
external reality” (Burke, 2012). It is seen as the “most common psychotic disorder” (Burke,
2012) and does not only effect the person suffering from this disorder. It affects the person’s
family, his or her community and society in general. Being diagnosed with Schizophrenia
“often bears financial and emotional costs” and it can give rise to “lifelong impairment and
disability” (Burk, 2012). It impacts society due to the loss of human potential as well as
financially due to the treatment, hospitalisation and disability benefits granted to the person
diagnosed.
Due to the vast impact Schizophrenia has on multiple levels of functioning and existence, one
would need to approach this disorder holistically, if one would wish to understand this
disorder better. This essay aims to provide a comprehensive definition of Schizophrenia, as
well as to describe the main features characterized by the disorder. The diagnosis of
Schizophrenia depends on criteria stipulated in the DSM-5 which will also be discussed. In
order to continue living positively with the diagnosis of Schizophrenia one need to be
knowledgeable about different treatment approaches as well as coping strategies. Crouch
(2005) stated that “with the correct approach to the treatment of schizophrenia, many of those
afflicted are able to live as normal a life as possible in the community”. Different approaches
to treatment and coping strategies will be discussed which can aid a person to continue living
a fulfilling life.
2. Definition of Schizophrenia
According to the DSM-IV-TR (as stated in Crouch, R. & Alers, V.) “Schizophrenia involves
dysfunction in one or more major areas of functioning, e.g. interpersonal relationships, work,
education and self-care”. Schizophrenia involves a severe “deviation from normal health and
functioning” (Crouch, 2005). Psychosis is the main symptom which is an “abnormal condition
of the mind” characterised by a “break in the individual’s contact with reality” (Burke, 2012)
which manifests itself in the form of hallucinations, delusions, disorganised speech as well as
disorganised or catatonic behaviour. The cause of Schizophrenia is not yet fully understood,
but there are many indications that several factors play a role. Adolp Meyer saw

Schizophrenia as caused by “an interaction between...

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