Research Study: Schizophrenia
PSY326: Research Methods
June 18, 2012
Schizophrenia is the most common and complex mental disorder that has an impact on many people worldwide. Not only is the disorder complex but devastating. Schizophrenia starts in the early lives of an individual and can lead to lifelong disability (Moritz, 2010). In this paper schizophrenia will be introduced as well as why this topic and discipline were chosen. There will also be a research study that will not only be critiqued by the research that is given but also how the research was presented as well. While primarily focusing on the research study a ...view middle of the document...
This type of disorder makes it difficult for people to think rationally, distinguish the difference between realistic and unrealistic experiences, have regular emotional responses and behave in social situations in a normal way (The National Institute of Mental Health, 2009). Schizophrenia symptoms usually develop slowly over months or years. Many too few symptoms may occur in an individual. In the beginning one may feel irritable or tense, have difficulty sleep and concentrating effectively (National Center for Biotechnology Information, 2010).
As the illness continues, problems with thinking, emotions and behavior develops, including: lack of emotion (flat effect), delusions, hallucinations, problems paying attention and â€œloose associationsâ€ (National Center for Biotechnology Information, 2010). There are different types of Schizophrenia (paranoid, disorganized, catatonic and undifferentiated) and symptoms may vary depending on the type of schizophrenia a person has (National Center for Biotechnology Information, 2010). In the People with this disorder may not make sense when they talk. They may sit for hours without moving or talking. They may often hear voices that others do not hear; believe other people are reading their minds, controlling their thoughts or plotting to harm them, which often causes them to withdraw from people and/or causes them to become agitated (National Center for Biotechnology Information, 2010). There is not a valid answer to the cause of Schizophrenia; however researchers and mental health experts believe that it is caused by several factors.
Viral infections, drug abuse, or trauma during birth may increase a personâ€™s risk of developing the disease. Genetic factors may be partly responsible for some cases and abnormal brain chemistry also plays a role (Thompson, 2012). There are no medical tests to diagnose schizophrenia and psychiatrist must examine the patient to make the diagnosis. The diagnosis is made based on a thorough interview of the person and family members (National Center for Biotechnology Information, 2010). Since, the causes of schizophrenia are still unknown, treatments focus on eliminating the symptoms of the disease. Treatments include antipsychotic medications and various psychosocial treatments (The National Institute of Mental Health, 2009).
The symptoms of schizophrenia are relieved by treatment, but most people who have this disorder cope with symptoms all throughout their lives. Still, they can lead rewarding and meaningful lives in their community. More effective medications are being developed by researchers and they are using new research to understand the causes of schizophrenia (The National Institute of Mental Health, 2009). Schizophrenia with the research area being in clinical psychology was chosen to focus on the nature and causes of this psychological disorder and how to treat them. It is important to recognize how serious...