Schizophrenic Disorders Essay

1153 words - 5 pages

Schizophrenic disorder trends in diagnosis and treatment.

Charles J. Varner II
Josie Shrader

Schizophrenic disorder trends in diagnosis and treatment.
Schizophrenia is a psychiatric disorder that consists of four different classification types. These classifications types are disorganized schizophrenia, catatonic schizophrenia, paranoid schizophrenia and undifferentiated schizophrenia. According to National Institute of Mental Health (1993), “60% of American adults have sought treatment/services in a twelve month period” (Treatment/Services Use) and the MedicineNet (2012) website states that schizophrenia “affects about 1% of the population, more than 2 million ...view middle of the document...

These signs and symptoms can vary from one individual to another as not everyone with schizophrenia will exhibit all or the same symptoms of this disorder. An individual’s symptoms may worsen and be more noticeable over time.
In today’s current times there are no medical tests that can diagnose an individual with having a schizophrenia disorder. Family and friends or the individual himself should consult a psychiatrist if they are exhibiting any of the classic signs of schizophrenia disorder. The licensed psychiatrist will evaluate the patient for the possibility of schizophrenia based on a few simple questions. These questions are: How long has the symptoms the patient is having lasted? How has these symptoms affected the person's ability to function? and Is there a genetic and family history of the disorder? ("Schizophrenia," n.d.). The examining physician may require the patient to undergo other laboratory test to include a computerized tomography (CT) scan of the brain (Coconcea, 2005). Other imaging techniques that a physician may require the patient to undergo is magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), and positron emission tomography (PET) ("Schizophrenia," n.d.). A patient undergoing a CT, MRI, SPECT or PET brain scan are currently utilized for research tools in order to gain possible information for identifying candidates with high risk for early treatment ("Schizophrenia," n.d.).
A patient can be diagnosed with one of four types of schizophrenic disorder: disorganized, catatonic, paranoid or undifferentiated schizophrenia. Each disorder has its own symptoms. Disorganized schizophrenia contains the most bizarre symptoms such as giggling and frantic gestures. Patients with this form of schizophrenia disorder are often active but incoherent to normal conversations (University of Phoenix, 2010). Catatonic schizophrenia patients take on two forms. The worst case form is patients that remain immobile, mute and impassive. The extreme side of this disorder is patients that become excessively excited and tend to continuously talk or shout (University of Phoenix, 2010). Paranoid schizophrenia occurs when a patient has extreme suspiciousness and complex delusions, this form of schizophrenia disorder is more severe than paranoid personality disorder (University of Phoenix, 2010). Individuals with paranoid schizophrenia have weird delusions and lose touch with the reality of their environment. The final type of schizophrenia that a patient may be diagnosed with is undifferentiated schizophrenia. This form of schizophrenia is primarily diagnosed for patients that have several of the characteristic symptoms of schizophrenia, but don’t show the typical symptoms of the other types of schizophrenic disorder (University of Phoenix, 2010).
Currently there is no permanent cure for someone that is diagnosed with schizophrenia disorder. However there are a...

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