TDA 3.2 Schools as organisations
1 The structure of education from early years to post-compulsory education
1.1 Entitlement and provision for early years education
Early years education is the first stage in the education of children up to the age of 5 and takes place in nurseries and reception classes.
All 3-and 4-year-old children in England receive a free part-time education of up to 15 hours per week for 38 weeks of the year as part of Every Child Matters agenda[Its main aims are for every child, whatever their background or circumstances, to have the support they need to :be healthy ,stay safe ,enjoy and achieve ,make a positive contribution ,achieve economic well-being] and ...view middle of the document...
In England 90 per cent of schools are specialist schools.
Independent schools - are set apart from the local education authority, they are funded by parents, investments, gifts and charitable endowments. The Head Teacher and governors decide on the admissions policy and they do not have to follow the National Curriculum.
Academies - have been set up by sponsors from various business areas, they have close links with the local education authority but are not maintained by it and have more freedom than state schools.
1.3 Post - 16 options for young people and adults
The post-16 options are either to leave the school and start employment, or to stay and continue with the studies.
[The Education Funding Agency (EFA) is responsible for the funding of 16-19 provision in academies, general further education colleges, sixth-form colleges and independent provision. The EFA also distributes resources to local authorities for them to pass on to those schools that are not academies. Our objectives include allocating 16-19 revenue funding and learner support budgets to providers accurately and on time, maintaining and developing funding systems for 16-19 education and for learners with learning difficulties and/or disabilities up to age 25, ensuring general funding compliance and tendering and funding the youth contract allocations for disengaged 16- and 17-year-olds.]
The government guarantees that by the end of September of the year that each young person leaves compulsory education, they will have a place in further learning available.
[The September Guarantee is an offer, by the end of September, of a suitable place in education or training to young people completing compulsory education. The Guarantee was implemented nationally in 2007 and was extended to 17 year olds in 2008 to allow those who enrol on one year or short courses further opportunities to engage in learning. The participation age will be raised to 18 in 2015.
The offer must be one of the following:
• full or part-time education in school, sixth form college, independent learning provider or FE college;
• an apprenticeship or programme-led apprenticeship (this must include both the training element and a job or work placement);
• Entry to Employment (e2e);
• Employment with training to NVQ level 2.]
2. Understand how schools are organised in terms of roles and responsibilities
2.1 The strategic purpose of members of the school team
a) School governors - a variety of people who have links with the school and local community and who are responsible with running the school
- set aims and objectives for the school
- adopt new policies for achieving the aims and objectives
- set targets for achieving the aims and objectives
b) Senior management team - the more experienced staff with managerial experience.
- they will meet once a week to discuss issues which...