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Self Determination Essay

2498 words - 10 pages

The Head of State or Government of he movement of the Non-Aligned countries met in Kuala Lumpur Malaysia, from 24-25 February 2003 to address the crucial global issues affecting their people with the view of agreeing to a set of actions in the promotion of peace, security, justice, equality, democracy and development conducive for a multilateral system of relations based on principles of sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence of state. The right of people to self determination and non-intervention in maters which are essentially within the jurisdiction of states in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations and International Law.

According to the United ...view middle of the document...

The Heads of State or Government therefore reiterated the importance of addressing the challenges and problems by strictly abiding to the United Nations Charter and the principles of he International Law. Perkovic G postulates that the Heads of State or Government stressed the vital role of United Nations in the maintenance of international peace and security and strengthening the international co-operation. They also reiterated their firm condemnation of all unilateral military actions including those made without proper authorization from the United Nation Security Council, as well as threats of military action against the sovereignty, territorial integrity and independence of Member States of the Movement which constitutes acts of aggression and blatant violation of the principles of non-intervention and non-interference. According to Jeffrey S (1995;15), the Heads of State or Government underscored the inherent dangers in the emerging trends towards unipolar world, where unilateral and hegemonic policies could violate basic principles of the Non-Aligned Movement of the United Nation Charter. They strongly condemned any labelling of countries as good or evil and repressive based on unilateral and unjustified criteria and reiterated their firm condemnation of all unilateral military action threat of against the sovereignty and territorial integrity of any state. United Nations Institute for Disarmament (1996;6) (UNID), asserts that the Heads of State or Government expressed their strong concern at the growing resort of unilateralism and unilaterally imposed prescription and in this context strongly underlined and affirmed that multilateralism and multilaterally agreed solutions in accordance with the United Nations Charter, provided the only sustainable method of disarmament and international security issues. In this regard, they welcomed the adoption of the Resolution 57/63 by the General Assembly on the promotion of the multilateralism in the Area of Disarmament and Non-Proliferation.

The Heads of State or Government remain deeply concerned at strategic defence doctrines that set out rationales for the use of nuclear weapons. They remained deeply concerned over the Alliance Strategic Concepts adopted by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in April 1999, which not only maintain unjustifiable concepts on the international security based on promoting and developing military alliances and policies of nuclear deterrence, but also includes new elements aimed at openly even more the scope for possible use or threat of use of force by NATO. According to Akaki Dvali (2004), in the context of Nuclear Posture Review that has been undertaken by the United States of America, the Heads of State or Government expressed serious concern that the development of new types nuclear weapons being considered and reiterated that the provision of use or threat of use of nuclear weapons against the non-nuclear weapon states is in contravention of the...

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