Self Regulation Pada Industry Perapotekan Essay

2209 words - 9 pages

Pengaturan Jarak Pendirian Apotek: Suatu Mekanisme Self-Regulation pada Industri Apotek
WINDA WERDHININDAH

Pengaturan Jarak Pendirian Apotek:
Suatu Mekanisme Self-Regulation pada Industri Apotek.

I. Latar belakang
Menurut Peraturan Pemerintah No. 25 tahun 1980, Apotek adalah tempat pengabdian profesi seorang Apoteker yang telah mengucapkan sumpah jabatan, yang berfungsi sebagai Sarana Farmasi yang melaksanakan peracikan, pengubahan bentuk, dan penyerahan obat atau bahan baku obat dan Sarana penyalur perbekalan Farmasi yang harus menyebarkan obat yang diperlukan masyarakat secara meluas dan merata.
Berdasarkan data Intercotinental Medicine Service (IMS), pertumbuhan pasar ...view middle of the document...

Tingginya tingkat ekspansi kedua merk apotek tersebut dan tiadanya regulasi pemerintah yang mengatur sebaran pendirian apotek mendorong IAI selaku organisasi profesi menerapkan pengaturan jarak dalam pendirian apotek baru untuk melindungi keberlangsungan apotek mandiri yang sudah lebih awal berdiri pada lokasi tertentu.
Peraturan tersebut awalnya hanya merupakan peraturan organisasi profesi dengan menitikberatkan pada penegakan kode etik profesi, yang tidak diakomodir ataupun diakui oleh pemerintah sebagai penerbit ijin apotek. Penerapan peraturan tersebut pun tidak dilaksanakan oleh seluruh cabang IAI, dan terkonsentrasi di daerah-daerah tertentu seperti Yogyakarta, Solo, dan Purwokerto. Seiring berjalannya waktu, organisasi profesi di beberapa daerah berhasil memperjuangkan peraturan tersebut sehingga disahkan oleh pemerintah setempat, seperti di Kabupaten Bantul melalui Peraturan Bupati Bantul Nomor 49 Tahun 2012 Tentang Perubahan Atas Peraturan Bupati Bantul Nomor 25 Tahun 2012 Tentang Penyelenggaraan Apotek Di Kabupaten Bantul dan di Kota Bogor melalui Peraturan Walikota Bogor Nomor 62 Tahun 2010 Tentang Perubahan Atas Peraturan Walikota Bogor Nomor 19 Tahun 2006 Tentang Penyelenggaraan Apotek Dan Pedagang Eceran Obat (Toko Obat), yang keduanya mengatur pendirian dan penyelenggaraan apotek baru berjarak pada radius paling sedikit 500 (lima ratus) meter dari apotek yang sudah ada. Hal ini membatasi ruang gerak perusahaan ritel apotek untuk melakukan pengembangan.
Menarik untuk ditelusuri lebih dalam mengenai pengaturan jarak apotek sebagai industry self-regulation dan sebagai strategi non-market industri apotek yang melibatkan asosiasi profesi, pemerintah, dan pelaku usaha, serta dampaknya terhadap pemilihan strategi market pelaku usaha untuk dapat terus meningkatkan performa perusahaan.

II. Industry Self-Regulation
Industry self-regulation adalah sebuah proses regulasi dimana sebuah organisasi pada tingkat industri menetapkan aturan dan standar yang berkaitan dengan perilaku perusahaan dalam suatu industri. (Gunningham & Rees, 1997).
Industry self-regulation umumnya muncul sebagai respon atas lemah atau terlalu kuatnya regulasi pemerintah dalam suatu industri, yang merupakan upaya industri untuk mengatur industri itu sendiri atau mencegah munculnya regulasi dari pihak pemerintah atau pihak lainnya yang dapat memberatkan industri tersebut, memperbaiki opini publik, mempertahankan kelangsungan suatu industri, atau untuk memberikan competitive advantage bagi industri (Gupta & Lad, 1983; Vass & Bartle, 2005; Sharma et al, 2010).
Rees (1988) membedakan self-regulation berdasarkan tingkat keterlibatan pemerintah, yaitu pertama, voluntary self-regulation, dimana baik pembuatan maupun penegakan peraturan dilakukan oleh perusahaan didalam industri, tanpa keterlibatan langsung dari pemerintah. Kedua adalah pengelolaan penuh self-regulation (mandated full self-regulation), dimana berkebalikan dengan voluntary...

Other Essays Like Self Regulation Pada Industry Perapotekan

Banking Regulators Essay

1222 words - 5 pages economic crisis that ensued when the bubble burst. Eight million jobs were lost in the Great Recession. * Citations of Fannie Mae , Freddy mac, Indy Bank etc * Alan Greenspan, chairman of the Federal Reserve Board from 1997 to 2005 a leading proponent of market self-regulation, admitted that this approach failed during the crisis. * Christopher Sox, the then director of the SEC testified in 2008: “We have learned that voluntary

Human Development Essay

1061 words - 5 pages -Concept - domain-specific evaluation of the self IV. Self-Efficacy * Self-efficacy is the belief that one can master a situation and produce favourable outcomes. V. Self-Regulation * Behaviourally, self-regulation is the ability to act in your long-term best interest, consistent with your deepest values. * Emotionally, self-regulation is the ability to calm yourself down when you're upset and cheer yourself up when you're down

Greed Is Good from Gordon Gekko It's Still Good or Not from the Previous Financial Crisis

2279 words - 10 pages , cut through and captures the essence of the evolutionary spirit.” from Wall Street (1987) by Gordon Gekko. But what the extent of the greed that it should be enough. In aspect of financial service industry, can they behave following originally human instinct by greed in their career or in their institution even in their society? Unfortunately, many financial disaster events arose from self-interest of financial officers. Unsurprisingly

Trends and Developments Prevailing in the Global Nutraceuticals Industries to 2017

784 words - 4 pages market through strategic acquisition in growing markets of Asia-Pacific and Latin America. In the future years, the market for nutraceuticals is expected to be majorly influenced by the potential for increased industry regulation around the globe, encouraged by the growing concerns over product safety. Although this would pose challenges for the business environment in the coming years, it would strengthen the confidence of consumers in these

Sony Case Study

2461 words - 10 pages ………………………………………………………………14 Exhibit 11………………………………………………………………14 Exhibit 1: Dominant Economic Features Market Size and Growth Rate Record Label Market Size: * Total revenues for the music industry in 2011 was 7.4 billion dollars * Sony accounted for 27.6% of total market share * There were 231 businesses in this industry in 2011 * Regulation was heavy, the change in technology was high--causing revenue volatility--the barriers to entry were

Management

3186 words - 13 pages ’ privacy in the digital age: * Dilemma: how to protect consumer privacy while fostering internet commerce * Proposed solutions: * Consumer self-help * Internet users should use technologies that enable them to protect their own privacy * Industry self-regulation * Advantage is they have the best technology to do so, critics feel industry rules may be too weak * Privacy legislation * Favor new

Corporate Social Responsibility (Csr) in Controversial Industry Sectors

906 words - 4 pages practices? How do CSR activities in controversial industries invite cynical evaluations of the wider CSR movement? How do they affect credibility? How can CSR activities promote self-regulation and diminish government intervention in and regulatory actions related to debatable practices? How does this process affect the public good? In which circumstances can CSR investments hurt or improve the reputation and legitimacy of organizations operating in

Evolution of Health Care Information Systems Paper

1376 words - 6 pages clinical, administrative and financial information. One of the most important regulations in health care industry is HIPAA regulation: “Organization hold all information concerning clients and employees in strict confidence as required by applicable laws and regulations; governing the security and privacy of protected health information mandated by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996. HIPAA regulation affects

Development

1017 words - 5 pages charming in the winter so we are full booking all over the year . My team are composted four 4 sous chefs 5 chef de parties and plus 6 to 10 junior chefs witch we trained here in our establishment . Our Front of house team is formed by a American head waitress called nick She got around 10 years in the hospitality industry like hotels And luxury cruise companies around the world . My self and Nick training all of the front of

Bureaucratic Control

1338 words - 6 pages plans. This means that bureaucratic control can narrow the scope of possible ideas and plans. Another disadvantage is that the front- line employees may feel unappreciated and dissatisfied because they are not allowed to present their ideas; this can lead to heavy employee turnover. Often organizations with strict bureaucratic control find themselves less able to adapt to changes in the marketplace, their industry, or the legal environment

Cyber Security

2577 words - 11 pages regulations has vc1y detrimental effects. Many in the private industry believe that more regulation will restrict their ability to improve cyber-security and have resisted.This has led lo private industry be liable for secu rity flaws, and failure lo solve t he current security l1aws. The federal government has attem pted to improve cyber security. statistics showing the private industry needs its help or they \ll continue to leave their self

Related Papers

Accounting Theory Issues Essay

5360 words - 22 pages because of high processing and monitoring costs of loans to SMEs. The main problem of SMEs is they do not have enough collateral for getting fund from the bank. The banks have some regulation of taking a minimum amount of collateral against credit, but many small and medium entrepreneurs cannot fulfill the requirement. That’s why banks are also reluctant to provide credit to them, as it would be violation of their policy regulation. The

Post Crisis And Regulatory Response On Banking Regulation

3264 words - 14 pages regulation before examining the objectives of regulation.[7] Why is there a need to regulate? We can identify the reasons why market fails, and explain the necessity of regulation in correcting market failure. Obviously, a perfect market would have certain characteristics with numerous buyers and sellers, free entry and exit, perfect information, product homogeneity and an absence of externalities. A perfect market will be self regulating and

Critically Assess The Impact Of The Financial Serv

2097 words - 9 pages confidence. And fourthly, the regulations should provide a guide and not cramp structural and other changes in the industry.¡¨ The Financial Services Act 1986 created a new method of regulation. What it did was to design a two-tier regulatory system based on the assumption that to conduct investment business, a person or organisation will have to be authorised. The authorisation came automatically if she is a member of a recognised self

Challenges Facing The Finance Industry Essay

2404 words - 10 pages Challenges Facing the Finance Industry This paper will explore three problems facing the finance industry. Those problems include cybersecurity, compliance with regulation, and risk management. Three solutions will also be addressed later in this paper. 1 When one thinks about the finance industry, banks, credit agencies, insurance companies, and equity firms may come to mind. Over the years financial institutions have