Setting in Chapter 3
From the previous chapters the audience knows that the actual setting of this novella is Manor Farm in England. Manor farm consists of farm buildings, a yard and a big barn.
In chapter three, Orwell sets the setting and mood by his use of diction. He immediately sets the tone of this chapter by saying that the animals ‘toiled and sweated’; this creates an image in our heads of hard work which all the animals had been doing and were ‘rewarded for’. Since Mr. Jones had been driven off of his farm, the animals were forced to harvest the entire crop by themselves. ‘It was a great drawback that no animal was able to use any tool that involved standing on his hind legs’, this creates a sense of struggle in the minds of the readers and makes it seem as if the animals were having a hard time with ...view middle of the document...
Squealer also asks the animals about Jones coming back and this convinces the animals, saying that despite any discontent they may feel, their present lives are highly preferred over the ones they led under the rule of Mr. Jones. All this creates lots of imagery; it suggests that the pigs were in charge and enables the audience to easily envision the pigs gaining control and ordering around other animals of the farm.
Chapter III also introduces the idea of propaganda which helps in the understanding of the setting of Manor farm. “Beasts of England” is more of a revolutionary anthem than a piece of propaganda. It unites the animals in the cause of the Rebellion and helps them to envision the utopia for which they must strive. But most of the animals are not intelligent enough to let the song do more than vaguely inspire their hopes. These dim animals rely merely on the propagandist refrain, “Four legs good, two legs bad” as they don’t have the ability to memorize the 7 commandments. Snowball reduces the Seven Commandments into this single maxim, vastly oversimplifying the full system of Animalism into a catchphrase. ‘As the animals adopt the phrase, they begin to forget the Seven Commandments, which gives the pigs the opportunity to change them.’ This is another way of showing that the pigs are clearly superior to the rest.
When talking about setting, one does not only look at the obvious physical appearance and the environment on the farm but also the atmosphere of the farm and the mood and tone of it. It is important for a further understanding of the text to go into details that show how the farm functions. And in chapter three what really emerges is the superiority of the pigs and their influence on the other animals without doing anything themselves.