After the Classical era, that is after the Greek writers Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides, it is Shakespeare who is widely known for his plays. There is a blend of the tragic and comic in almost all the Shakespearean plays which is appealing. The exile of the senior Duke and the plan to kill Orlando in `As You Like It', the fall of Shylock in `The Merchant of Venice' as the tragic elements; the fool in `Othello' and `King Lear', the soothsayer in `Antony and Cleopatra' are perfect examples for comic in tragedies.
In Shakespearean tragedies there are incidents which are found more freely i.e. murders and sudden deaths, for example, the murder of Duncan in `Macbeth' or the ...view middle of the document...
Another feature noted in his tragedies in that the shades of black (evil) and white (good) is shown. Those who are good are pure throughout and those who are bad remain evil, without any sense of shame or repentance. If the ones who follow the path of good commit any crime, they do it not because their intention is evil but because their conscience tells them to do so. That is to say that Othello, Macbeth, Brutus or any other Shakespearean heroes do not do the crime intentionally but because their conscience makes them believe what they are about to do is right and is for justice.
Shakespearean comedies are class apart from the tragedies not only because of their ability to invoke laughter but because they present an altogether different view of the situation. There are situations where the comic protagonist also has to make a decision but this decision does not lead them to ruin, it makes them realize their value.
The comedy has the protagonist undergoing some kind of a difficult situation and through the protagonist only Shakespeare presents to us a different aspect of life - life which has a plethora of opportunities, life as a whole.
There are different themes and situations taken up by Shakespeare in his comedies - the cross dressing in `As You Like It' and `The Merchant of Venice', the gala festivities in ` A Midsummer Night's dream', and the confusions among the partners etc.