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Should Abortion Be Legal Essay

2383 words - 10 pages

Should Abortion be Legal?
PHI 103
Fabio Escobar
June 11, 2012

Should Abortion be Legal?

Abortion is something that I am for, not against. I was raised as a Christian and I believe that, “thou shalt not kill” however, there are circumstances in our lives that cause us to believe differently. Life is about making choices and our maker and society gives us the freedom to choose. It is because of these choices that we will make a decision as to if we are ethically right or wrong. This is because regardless of what people may believe abortion is neither right nor wrong.   It is the matter of a personal opinion where each side can say with conviction that the other side is wrong.
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The Court went as far as to divide pregnancy into trimesters, or three-month periods. This gave a balance to abortion, and the Court ruled that state laws and regulations may not intervene with a woman’s right to end her pregnancy within the first trimester. In the first trimester, the decision to have an abortion is left to the woman and her health care provider. Within the second trimester, state laws and regulations can control abortion to protect the woman’s health. During the last trimester, the fetus is capable of surviving outside of the mother’s womb, and state laws can prohibit abortion, unless it is necessary to protect the woman’s life and/or health (Prochoice, 2011).
On January 22, 1973 the abortion conflict came full circle when the U.S. Supreme Court, with its landmark Roe v. Wade ruling, legalized abortion throughout the United States. The Court ruling was the result of another organized effort to alter the legal status of abortion, but this time the goal was legalization (Staggenborg, 2007).
This landmark ruling was then concentrated at each state level, where lawmakers were willing to liberalize abortion statutes. On April 25, 1967, Colorado was the first state to pass a reform measure liberalizing its abortion law (Doan, 2007). After other states began the follow this new reform, those that were opposed to abortion also followed rank. The debate over whether or not abortion should be a legal option is to this day, a divided argument between the believers and non-believers which are Pro-Choice and Pro-Life. Pro-Choice individuals contend that abortion is a right that should not be limited by governmental or religious authority and if abortions were considered illegal, then women would resort to unsafe illegal abortions. Pro-Life individuals believe that life begins at conception, and abortion is the immoral killing of an innocent human being. They also say that abortion inflicts suffering on the unborn child and it is unfair to allow abortion when couples who cannot conceive can adopt (Abortion, 2012).
I am pro-choice and I believe no-one, not even the Government, should have a say as to what a woman decides to do with her body. Pro-choice abortion also allows a woman to choose how to abort an unwanted child. There are several methods used to abort and that is dependent on the age of the fetus and the earliest and easiest is the “morning after pill” which can be taken within 72 hours after unprotected sex. Up to 16 weeks there is an abortion know as Dilation and Extraction (D&E) which is done by gentle suction that removes the fetal tissue or after that 16 week period they can perform a Dilation and Curettage (D&C) which involves instruments along with suction to empty the uterus. After sixteen weeks of fetal growth, a woman can choose to experience a Partial Birth Abortion or have Saline Amniocentesis.
Another pro-choice argument relates to the claim that unwanted pregnancies result in a significant...

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