Should Women Be Allowed To Have Abortions On Demand, Or Should There Be Restrictions On Abortion Rights?

560 words - 3 pages

Political Science 1001 Normative Project Research DesignNormative Social Policy Issue: Should women be allowed to have abortions on demand, or should there be restrictions on abortion rights?Value Position: There are competing values in this question; the individual's right to determine what is done to her body versus the right to life. Both values are critical to individual and social well being. Two key questions that will determine how these value positions are reconciled are how "life" is to be defined in this context (conception, embryo to fetus, birth, consciousness) and under what circumstances can the taking of life be justified.Moral Judgement on Social Policy Issue: It will be argued that abortion should be allowed on demand during the first eight weeks of pregnancy. During the ...view middle of the document...

This suggests that the definition of life is when the embryo develops into a fetus; and in viability during the last 30 weeks. This judgement is, therefore, universally applicable.Is the Moral Judgement to be Encouraged or Required: The state should require the policy through a law the defines the regulation and provides civil, but not criminal, penalties, such as fines, suspensions or loss of license. Further, the state should provide sex, pregnancy, and adoption education, so that women may make informed personal decisions.Is the Moral Judgement Consistently Held Against Other Circumstances? Yes. The position allows the taking of life, even innocent life, under certain circumstances. This is consistent with other positions on war and capital punishment, which is to say that circumstances sometimes warrant the taking of life, but those circumstances must be careful construed, regulated, and confined.Summary Statement: Protection of individual freedom and human life are fundamental responsibilities of the state. In the case of abortion, this is a highly complex and emotional issue. In order to remain consistent with other legitimate positions on the taking of life, such as war and capital punishment, it is concluded that abortion is acceptable, initially as a matter of choice (during the first 8 weeks) and then as a matter of regulated necessity, under the constraints of endangerment of the life of the mother, rape, and eventually viability. The onus of state regulations will fall on the physicians conducting the abortion; not on the mother. There will be civil penalties for violations; not criminal penalties. Public sex, pregnancy, and adoption education efforts will be part of this policy. Individual hospitals, overseen by administrative court judges, will provide the mechanisms for judging and punishing violations of this policy.

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