Smoking: Effects On Your Body Essay

599 words - 3 pages

Cigarette smoking is a well known trend among people nowadays. Eventhough smoking is certainly the major cause of several diseases but smokers hardly give up smoking because smoking is addictive. There are many factors that contribute smokers’ first attempt to smoke. Many people start smoking because their friends and family have tried it or smoke themselves while others took it as a stress buster and to try out forbidden stuff. Smoking can damage your body and increase the risk of fatal death because it contains dangerous chemicals, can damages the kidney and harms the respiratory system.

Firstly, tobacco smoke contains dangerous chemicals such as carbon monoxide, hydrogen cyanide, carcinogens, nicotine, metal, and radioactive compounds. Carbon monoxide is a poisonous gas which lowers the amount of oxygen carried by blood. On the other hand, hydrogen cyanide kills cilia, the tiny hairs that move ...view middle of the document...

The radioactive compounds found in highest concentration in cigarette smoke are pollonium 210 and pottasium 40. Radioactive compounds are widely known to cause cancer.

Next, smoking is a proven risk factor which can damage our kidney. It damages our kidney by causing chronic kidney diseases (CKD). Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is defined as damaged kidneys, or a reduction in kidney function below 60 percent of normal. Kidney disease is sometimes called a “silent” disease, because it often causes no pain or other symptoms. Smoking directly contributes toward CKD by hardening and narrowing the blood vessels, thereby restricting blood flow to the kidneys and impairing their function. Cigarettes contain toxins like cadmium and lead which end up in the blood stream and harm the kidney glomeruli. Consequently, kidney could not perform their functions which lead to kidney failure. Kidney failure on the other hands causes many chemical changes in the body, and may affect many parts of the body. As kidney function fails, symptoms appear and sometimes worsen, eventually leading to the need for a kidney transplant or dialysis.

Lastly, tobacco smoke affects your respiratory system. This includes the irritation of the trachea (windpipe) and larynx (voice box). In addition, it reduced lung function and breathlessness due to swelling and narrowing of the lung airways and excess mucus in the lung passages. The impairment of the lung clearence system leads to the build-up poisonous substances which results in lung irritation and damage. Besides, smoking leaves permanent damage to the air sacs of the lungs. The weakened and ruptured air sacs are unable to efficiently move oxygen from the air to the blood. As smoking progresses and damages more air sacs, the person will feel breathless even when they are resting.

All in all, smoking gives many bad effects on your body. It contains dangerous chemicals, damages the kidney and harm the respiratory system. So, why should we take such risks? Instead, we should practise a heathy lifestyle and stay away from cigarette. No smoking means no suffering.

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