Social Classes of 19th Century France
* nobility- about 300,000 people, wealthiest, pastor and most powerful.
* bourgeoisie- about 3 million. professionals such as merchants, judges, legal officials, and small factory owners.
* proletariat- largest group, more than 20 million people. most poor.
Aristocracy or Nobility
* The aristocracy or nobility (5% of the entire population) still controlled 33% of the national income.
* A great divide between the most upper and lowest classes still maintained during the 19th century because of the different class levels that were continually evolving in the middle class. According to “A History of Western Society,” despite the ...view middle of the document...
Diet of Middle Class Members
The Middle Class spent more money on food than they did the rest of the items in their house. They ate very well. The main meal was in the middle of the day when the family came home to enjoy it together. Unlike the lower working class, the bourgeoisie could afford to eat a lot of meat.
The Middle Class also celebrated with food. Their special occasions were always accompanied by a dinner party. At the parties, eight to nine different courses could be expected. An ordinary dinner was made up of four courses usually soup, fish, meat, and dessert.
Homes and Clothing of Middle Class Members
Bourgeois houses always possessed extravagant decoration to showcase the wealth of the family. Many of people rented their homes instead of actually owning them.
They also cared a lot about what they wore and made sure they always looked good. Although they bourgeoisie weren’t as wealthy as the nobles, they did have a wide variety of clothing. Work, church, parties, and leisurely weekends each called for a different wardrobe. New textile factories helped make the wide variety of clothes more accessible and cheaper because for the bourgeoisie. They no longer had to pay for a personal tailor to make a new outfit or them.
Behavior of Middle Class Members
Good behavior was expected of everyone in the Middle Class. Strict codes of conduct were supported. Self-discipline, hard work and personal achievement were stressed. Everyone was raised to know right from wrong. The people who did get into trouble, or were said to have committed some kind of crime, were assumed to be responsible for their own actions. Getting drunk and gambling were denounced.
Education of Middle Class Members
Education was very important to the bourgeoisie. Parents made...