Social Foundations of Education Final
Dr. Victor Brooks
1. A student learning is composed of both formal and informal experience. Formal learning is from the classroom and is structured by teachers to help students achieve an objective. Informal learning is all other outcomes from a studentâ€™s participation in the experience. One of the most important changes in educational practices between the 1960-70â€™s was the evolution of the American educational shift to an â€œopen-classroom,â€ or â€œopen-education,â€ due to the problems occurring in U.S. society and the remarks of education critics. The schools in the U.S. were held responsible for everything that went ...view middle of the document...
They could work collaboratively with each other, use open space, do group projects or individual work. The open classroom contains interest areas, materials and wall displays, which are the means to the end. They are organized to encourage active learning and expression within various media, and self directed, student-initiated learning instead of the teacher-directed learning of the traditional educational theories. Schools are known for solving national problems and helping to work out differences in values. Therefore, they must equip the students to do so.
Children differ in motivation, interest, background, speed and technique in which they learn. Every act of learning is future oriented. The outcomes prepare students to be effective workers and citizens within a democracy. The emphasis of higher education was thus on the means of preparing a nation to compete in the world economy. This is due to their important role in the nations future, and this develops a real interest in what role they want to play. The University is viewed as a realm of social change and social influence. Its educational function is one that is crucial in forming social attitudes, it is inherently tied in with society, functioning in new ways, revealing potentialities, and new steps for change. It is the only mainstream institution open to participation by individuals at all viewpoints. It is the foundation and organization in social change. The university creates a realm that accepts politics in relation to academia, and action informed by knowledge.
Students also strive to meet the expectations that are set for them by their teachers. Teachers must teach so that students are constantly thinking critically and using their highest level of cognitive domain. They must do this so that the students learn to analyze, create, and evaluate. It is important, especially in college, to set high standards because if we believe other wise it will result in a lower achievement. The belief in experience as part of the curriculum was a theoretical shift of great importance, because if a student was able to experience the subject matter and really develop motivation, they will learn how to problem solve. Which is a very important aspect of society. Learning is an active and constructive process that we need to be deeply involved in when we are creating what will be taught. These plans should resemble real life as much as possible. We need a pedagogy that makes use of an active and creative mind at all times.
3. The Great Society saw the government as a way to help the economy so Americans could enjoy society. To share in the nations wealth others would need the kind of help that one would receive from a parent (healthcare, education, employment etc.). The central motivation of the Great Society was to open up American life to all forms of education and health. In 1965 The Elementary and Secondary Education Act provided one billion dollars to help...