This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Social Housing Policy In The Uk

2826 words - 12 pages

The need for social housing in the UK

“Housing is not a question of Conservatism or Socialism, it is a question of humanity.” [Harold Macmillan]

To state that there is a housing problem in the UK is to almost repeat an established truth. But, controversially, it is true to state that the UK does not have a housing crisis. It is, more specifically, a shortage of affordable housing that provides the source and mainstay of any problem with housing in the UK. This is a situation that, in contemporary times, has been addressed by means of social housing policies - homes built by local authorities to provide secure tenancies at reasonable rents for those in society with lesser means. ...view middle of the document...

‘The Housing of the Working Classes Act’ (1890) is the modern origin of a social housing policy in the UK; this act encouraged local authorities to take an interest in the improvement of housing provision. ‘Homes fit for heroes’ was the rallying cry of Liberal Prime Minister, Lloyd George’s First World Wartime coalition government, and the planning and implementation of a housing policy was an election promise. The need was identified by the chronic shortage of available housing – Dr Marian Bowley in ‘Housing and the State, 1919-1944’ (1945) calculated that the shortage of houses in England and Wales by 1921 was 805,000. The quality of the present housing stock was poor, and this also affected the population’s health, as highlighted during the period of conscription (1916 – 1918) in the Great War, when over 41% of conscripts were classified as “outside the ranks of those who would be likely to see combat”. Minister for Health, Dr Christopher Addison, headed the 1917 Tudor Walters Committee Report into housing needs, and his committee’s findings gave birth to ‘The Housing and Town Planning Act’ of 1919, which spawned an ambitious programme of state-sponsored house-building across England and Wales.

The UK, in the immediate post Second World War era, was somberly illustrated by housing stock that had largely been bombed-out. “475,000 houses were either destroyed or [had been] made permanently inhabitable, and a much greater number damaged” during the bombing raids of the war. Governments in the following decade were united, at least in terms of their perception of the electorate’s approval, in helping to vanquish what the civil servant and economist, William Beveridge, identified as the ‘Five Giants’ standing in the way of creating a more equal post-war society: ‘Want, Ignorance, Disease, Idleness, Squalor.’ Immediately following the war, the Minister for Health, Aneurin Bevan, oversaw a major house-building programme that he saw as essential to replace and supplement housing in the UK, and his government subsequently embarked on building “a million homes during its first five years in power”. Harold Macmillan’s incoming Conservative government of 1951 committed to an election promise of “300,000 [new] homes a year” with his ‘Great Housing Crusade’. This joint enthusiasm between the two major parties for housing build was, however, marked by major political differences between Bevan and Macmillan’s priorities, in their drive to build housing. While Bevan would “quite happily have housed everybody in council houses if he could”,Macmillan’s rationale was to aim toward a “property owning democracy”. The transposition of government in 1951 saw “a change of perspective from one that saw public housing as providing the nation with a collective legacy, to one that saw it as a brief stop on the path towards acquiring an individual legacy.” Macmillan, with his more pragmatic approach, was able to build more houses quicker and cheaper. Housing...

Other Essays Like Social Housing Policy in the Uk

The Most Segnificent Crime in the Uk

521 words - 3 pages Internet hacking is the most specific crime in the UK than my home country The widespread use of the internet especially in the UK gives way to experienced individuals to hack and make access in getting and destroying secret information unavailable for other users. Internet hacking which is a widespread crime in the UK than in Saudi Arabia, cerates unstoppable problem not only in government agencies but also even at private homes. Most

The Implementation Of English Social Policy

3667 words - 15 pages The evaluation of social policy began in the USA in the 1950s and 1960s, and reached the UK by the early 1970s (Everitt and Hardiker 1996:42-43) by which time British social policy was focused on Beveridge's 'Welfare State' (Jones 1991:134). The term 'evaluation' has many definitions (Alkin 1990:81-3), but for the purposes of this essay, I will use Patton's broad definition of evaluation as 'any effort to increase human effectiveness through

Postgraduate Student Selection In The UK

3119 words - 13 pages This literature review will explore the current knowledge on postgraduate student selection in the UK and other countries and attempt to examine research done on the various student selection tools, the desired qualities of ideal postgraduate students and predictors of student performance in postgraduate courses. The author will attempt to critique and identify gaps in the current literature. Information gathered from this process will be used

A Report on How the Social and Environmental Issues Affect the Marketing Activity of Small Chain Coffee Shop in the Uk

704 words - 3 pages Introduction Drinking coffee is a daily routine for many peoples in the UK. Managing coffee shop must concern many stakeholders. Stakeholders is ‘are individuals, groups or organisations with an interest in, or who are affected by, what the organisation does’ (Boddy, D. 2008) Therefore, social and environmental issue in society might affect the coffee shop management. Fair trade can be the aspect of social issue. Fair trade is ‘the policy of

Social Policy Class Assignment: Write An Opinion Paper On The Documentary SHELTER (About Homelessness In The US)

908 words - 4 pages shelter for the homeless is that the homeless often require high cost services, if they do seek help. They depend on emergency room care in cases of serious illness or if they were attacked or otherwise injured. With a large number of the homeless being mentally ill and/or substance abusers, detoxification programs, psychiatric care, and residential treatment programs need to be prepared to care for homeless individuals. Many services are not equipped to deal with homeless individuals or their intake procedures make it impossible for them to be seen. This can only be remedied by social policy changes, agency policy changes, and funding made available to these agencies.

The Policy Response to the Social Problem: Child Poverty

1521 words - 7 pages therefore have more social mobility. In this case, fewer children will have to live in households under the poverty level. References Basics of Policy: An Introduction to TANF (2011, July 6). Center for Budget and Policy Priorities. Retrieved November 13 2011. Basics of Policy: The Earned Income Tax Credit (2011, September 6). Center for Budget and Policy Priorities. Retrieved

Cultural Differences in Doing Business Between the Netherlands and Uk

2159 words - 9 pages differences, but there are interesting particularities. Both these countries have a very high rate of employment in services (74% in The Netherlands and 78% in the UK) which presents a closeness in terms of having an economy highly influenced by personal relations but the dissimilarities appear when you look at the main destinations for citizens from each country: Germany presents itself as the main destination for the Dutch (accountable for 30% of

Consumer Behaviour in the Uk Tablet Computer Market

4377 words - 18 pages Consumer Behaviour in the UK tablet computer market Introduction Consumer behaviour is a complicated and diverse area of study. Since marketing is based on identifying, anticipating and providing customer needs it is important to understand them. There are two predominant types of buying: consumer buying, which consists of buying products for personal use, and organisational buying, which involves buying for organisational purposes

The Role of Government in Policy-Making

873 words - 4 pages Human service organizations are governed by a legislative and judiciary system. The judiciary system decides what policy is legal and illegal, and can require the executive or legislative branch to fix it, in some cases the judiciary can impose a remedy. The legislature system shapes public policy by passing laws, and approving budgets. The Maryland Department of Human Resources is the state's social services provider. The Maryland

Trade Policy Instruments in the Modern World

3052 words - 13 pages social welfare directly. 2 Trade Policy Instruments inTheory of Voluntary Export Restraint 2 the Modern World Figure 1 From the Figure 1 we can see that voluntary export restraint belongs to the group of non tariff barriers which directly reduces social welfare. Voluntary export restraint is quantity restriction like quotas, the difference is in the fact that restriction is negotiated with, and imposed upon, exporting countries, instead

To What Extent Would the Wider Use of Referendums Improve Democracy in the Uk?

1073 words - 5 pages To what extent would the wider use of referendums improve democracy in the UK? (25 marks) Jude McCool Notes- Positive- 1. Allows the public a voice in major issues that they may not usually be party to. 2.Referendum campaigns serve to inform the electorate on specific issues and encourage citizens to take more interest in the political system and to educate themselfs on these issues. Negative- 1. Media and other agencies can

Related Papers

Democracy In The Uk Essay

643 words - 3 pages How Democratic is the UK? Britain, amongst many other countries, claims to be a democracy. Such a claim would suggest that as UK citizens, we have effective influence over government, and over decisions that effect us. However, there has been much controversy over this claim, some arguing that power lies in the hands of just a few, and others standing by the allegation that power in the UK is widely distributed. In this essay, I will be

Social Policy In Hong Kong Essay

3119 words - 13 pages ) The 2005-06 Policy Address Wilding. P, Huque, A.S. & Lai, J.P.W (1997). Social Policy in Hong Kong. UK: Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd. Wilton, P., Hou, A.M. & Lai, P.W (2001). Social Policy of Hong Kong. Beijing: China Social Science Publishers. Wong C.K., K. Chow, Wong K.Y. (1998, 2001) The Assessment of Social Welfare policy-the views of Hong Kong people.

Land Pollution In The Uk Essay

430 words - 2 pages Land pollutionDumping waste.90% of household wastes go into pits in the ground called landfills. There is a big problem with landfills in the UK filling up with disposable nappies. On average a baby goes through 6,000 nappies and Britain's parents throw away eight million disposables every day. Local authorities spend at least £40m collecting and disposing of nappy waste. Ways to stop the pollution of so much land would be more

The Great Depression In Uk Essay

999 words - 4 pages The Great Depression in Great Britain during 1920-1930s War conflicts speed up social processes. Britain, during and after the First World War, was not any exception. Britain became more united after the Great War, but also more isolated. Its magnificent, imperial position shook under the postwar world transformation influence. Her colonial empire still remained to one of the largest in the world, British export however did not