Social Identity Theory Essay

1433 words - 6 pages

Social identity theory is a theory which is intended to explain how people develop a sense of belonging and membership in particular groups, and how the workings of intergroup discrimination work. Social identity theory plays an important role in the study of social psychology. To some degree, everyone is influenced by social identity theory. Social Identity Theory tries to explain such intergroup discrimination in the 'real world' as well as in the circumstance of the minimal groups. The theory claims a process of social identification and positive self-esteem, “People can boost their self-esteem through their own personal achievements or through affiliation with successful groups” ...view middle of the document...

This group is a big part of my identity because not only is it my job, but it is a job that requires me to work closely with my family members which makes it even more important than any other job I may have because my family is an important part of my life and also a part of my identity and who I am, I am who I am because of who my family has helped me become.

The second group I am a member of is my gender which is female. I was born into this group, I didn’t have to do anything to “become” a member of it. I think that makes it a very important group to be a member of since it was one I was born into and did not have to do anything to join the group of my female gender. This group IS my identity, I am a female, without knowing or accepting that I am a part of this group it would be very hard to know my identity and who I am.
The work group of employees I am part of influences my personal values and beliefs in a different way than other groups may because this group includes my family members and because it is also in a professional environment. The norms for this group are to act professional, respectful and mature in the work environment and properly communicate to co-workers and customers as well. Following employee rules, such as dress code, being on time for work and respecting chain of command are all values of this group. My beliefs and values with this group may differ from my own personal ones because when I am with this group I am probably more eager to please others and do my job correctly as to not inconvenience any other employees I work with because working with family members makes things slightly different than a job with strangers because I don’t want to have any conflict with family members so I try to be more of what this group wants and expects me to be rather than expressing all my personal beliefs and values.
The second group I am a member of is my gender group of females. For this group many of the norms are lots of communication such as talking, gossiping or just spending time talking to a friend about a problem. Other norms are being girly, such as putting on makeup, doing hair, getting dressed up in cute clothes, shopping or hanging out with girlfriends, among many others. I identify with this group in every way that was just described, those are many of the norms for this group and those norms are the norms of my group of female friends that I have. Some values of this group are to look good which could lead to competition within the group members to look better than one another, to be the most popular, to have the cutest boyfriend. These are all the norms and values of the gender group of females that I am a part of. My beliefs and values sometimes differ from this group because other members of this group can sometimes become...

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