Social networking service
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This article is about the type of service. For the concept of relationships between people, see Social network. For a list of services, see List of social networking websites.
A social networking service is an online service, platform, or site that focuses on facilitating the building of social networks or social relations among people who, for example, share interests, activities, backgrounds, or real-life connections. A social network service consists of a representation of each user (often a profile), his/her social ...view middle of the document...
There have been attempts to standardize these services to avoid the need to duplicate entries of friends and interests (see the FOAF standard and the Open Source Initiative). A 2011 survey found that 47% of American adults use a social network.
Contents[hide] * 1 History * 2 Social impact * 3 Features * 3.1 Typical features * 3.2 Additional features * 4 Emerging trends * 4.1 Social networks and science * 4.2 Social networks and education * 4.3 Social networks and grassroots organizing * 4.4 Social networks and employment * 4.5 Social network hosting service * 4.6 Business model * 4.7 Social Interaction * 4.8 New trends in social networking * 5 Issues * 5.1 Privacy * 5.2 Data mining * 5.3 Notifications on websites * 5.4 Access to information * 5.5 Potential for misuse * 5.6 Risk for child safety * 5.7 Trolling * 5.8 Online bullying * 5.9 Interpersonal communication * 5.10 Psychological effects of social networking * 5.11 Patents * 5.12 Worker's rights * 6 Investigations * 7 Application domains * 7.1 Government applications * 7.2 Business applications * 7.3 Dating applications * 7.4 Educational applications * 7.5 Finance applications * 7.6 Medical and health applications * 7.7 Social and political applications * 8 Open source software * 9 Market share * 10 World Usage * 11 In the media * 12 See also * 13 References * 13.1 Notes * 14 Further reading |
The potential for computer networking to facilitate newly improved forms of computer-mediated social interaction was suggested early on. Efforts to support social networks via computer-mediated communication were made in many early online services, including Usenet, ARPANET, LISTSERV, and bulletin board services (BBS). Many prototypical features of social networking sites were also present in online services such as America Online, Prodigy, CompuServe, and The WELL. Early social networking on the World Wide Web began in the form of generalized online communities such as Theglobe.com (1995), Geocities (1994) and Tripod.com (1995). Many of these early communities focused on bringing people together to interact with each other through chat rooms, and encouraged users to share personal information and ideas via personal webpages by providing easy-to-use publishing tools and free or inexpensive webspace. Some communities - such as Classmates.com - took a different approach by simply having people link to each other via email addresses. In the late 1990s, user profiles became a central feature of social networking sites, allowing users to compile lists of "friends" and search for other users with similar interests. New social networking methods were developed by the end of the 1990s, and many sites began to develop more advanced features for users to find and manage friends. This newer...