Social orientation is the recognition of human psychology and behavior. The emphasis on human thought, emotion, and behavior was to represent the thought, emotion, and behavior of members of a social group. Thomas Hobbes declared that the social groups are nothing more than a collection of individuals and that of social thought, emotion, and behavior, governed by the pursuit of pleasure and avoidance of pain (Greenwood, 2009).
Cognitive psychology represents the distinction amongst the human mind and a computer that suggest that humans have the ability to process information from around the world just as computer. Cognitive psychology is not old but the newest part of ...view middle of the document...
The influential book written was by Karl Buhler in 1927, The Die Krise der Psychologie. His uneasiness was about the various emphasis and theories delayed in the development of a unified scientific psychology (Mandler, 2011).
In psychoanalytic theory, the unconscious includes material that dynamically repressed from the consciousness that is something that individuals seem to ignore. The individuals pay hardly any attention to the non-conflicting unconsciousness and the main focus was the cognitive process that the unconscious pretend that there is no difference in the dominant role the psychological theory. In the world today, it is theoretically researched that the major memorial, conceptual, and perceptual process depend on the unconscious process. On another note, the importance of the delayed unconsciousness depended on the function and structure of the reemergence of consciousness.
Developmental psychology was simply a speculation of how the children were treated as young adults and how their basis cognitive, morals, and motivational capacities were developed by the time each of them turned 5, according to the medieval theorists. The theorist held the children on a different scale from adults attributable to their limited physique and knowledge, but each were capable of gaining employment, sex, and marriage (Greenwood, 2009). The theories of child development were the product of enrichment. In 1785, a German educational reformer, name Joachim Heinrich, sought the help of parent to record accounts of the entire moral and physical treatment of their own children, that included observed effects and consequences, observations of their first signs of independence, attention, joy and pain; their advances in physical and mental development; the transformation of language (from when each start talking gibberish until each are able to complete full sentences), simply recording every aspect of the child growing into their own independence and basic patterns of the future personalities.
Stanley Hall, the founder of the developmental psychology, pioneered the usage of questionnaires in his study and created a connection with other educators. Hall’s studies of child development of children, adolescents, and of old age designed a roadway for some of the famous psychologist to study their own children for research purposes.
Jean Piaget (1896 – 1980) conducted a research study of his own children to the stages of cognitive development. The research that Piaget conducted indicated that the children were an organism that has the tendency to grasps to certain environments. He also suggested that children tend to go through the same stages of development and there seem to be no individual differences. The stages that Piaget used to conduct his research were the sensorimotor stage (0-2), the pre-operational stage (2-7), the concrete operational stage (7-11), and the formal operational stage (11-15).
In the sensorimotor stage (0-2), the child is...