Social Scientific Inqury Essay

5420 words - 22 pages

Characteristics of Social Science


One of the livelier academic debates of recent years has concerned the "scientific" status of those disciplines gathered under the rubric of the social sciences-typically including sociology, political science, social psychology, economics, anthropology, and sometimes fields such as geography, history, communications, and other composite and specialty fields, basically at issue like whether human behavior can be subjected to scientific study.

It is a firm assumption of social scientists now-a-days that social behaviour can be subjected to scientific study as legitimately as can atoms, ...view middle of the document...

Religiosity, political liberalism, conservatism, authoritarianism, taste and preferences such as brand preferences, buyer's attitude and similar variables can be measured.

However, scientific measurements must be judged on the basis of their utility for inquiry, rather than on the basis of absolute truth. For example, while measuring religiosity of people a social scientist can never hope to describe a person as religious and some one else, irreligious in absolute sense. This is more so when a social scientist tries to measure qualitative variables. When we measure socio-economic variables like intelligence, brand preference, brand loyalty, industrialization, risk evasiveness etc we use proxy variables. In this context, we ask ourselves questions such as: Is this measure the true representation of the variables under consideration? Or are we going nearer the variable with this measure? It may be mentioned that in the absence of a true measure, a proxy variable works as a representative. We use these on the basis of their utility rather than absolute truth. For example, we use IQ Test scores to represent intelligence. Similarly we may use a composite index to represent level of development.

Discovering Social Regularities

There is a tendency to regard the subjects of the physical sciences as more regular than those of the social sciences. A heavy object falls to earth every time it is released, while a man may vote for a candidate in one election and against him in the next. Similarly, ice always melts when heated, while seemingly religious people do not always attend place of worship. While these particular examples are generally true, there is a danger in going on to discount the existence of social regularities altogether- The existence of observable social norms denies this conclusion.

Some social norms are prescribed by the formal institutions of a society. For example, only person as of a certain age or older are permitted to vote in elections. In American society, men were drafted into the armed forces, but women were not. In traditional Muslim society women were not allowed to pray inside the Mosque along with men. Such formal prescriptions, then, regulate, or regularize, social behavior.

Besides formal prescriptions, other social norms can be observed. Registered Republicans are more likely to vote for Republican candidates than are registered Democrats. University professors tend to earn more money than unskilled laborers. Women tend to be more religious than men. There could be a variety of such social norms, which we observe in our day-to-day life.

Reports by social scientists of such regularities are often subject to three types of criticism. First, it may be charged that the report is trivial, that everyone was aware of the regularity. Second, contradictory cases may be cited, indicating that the observation is not wholly true. And third, it...

Other Essays Like Social Scientific Inqury

Living In A Cashless Society Essay

1637 words - 7 pages Money in a traditional sense no longer exists. Money is becoming much of a concept than a physical material, and most ordinary bitter have not see the reality of the switch. People today are using credit and debit cards on a regular basis and in everyday situations such as meal purchased at fast food, highway tolls, clothing, groceries, gas stations, etc. all of these means of systems could be regarded as a cashless society or world. The question

The French And Indian War: The "Real" First World War

1955 words - 8 pages The Seven Years War, or more commonly referred to as “The French and Indian War”, has been called the true First World War. In this book The French and Indian War: Deciding the Fate of North America, the author and historian Walter R. Borneman paints a detailed and elaborate picture that justifies the claim of it being the first true war of global proportions. If ever there truly was a climax to the never ending feud of the European powers

Is The Use Of Animals In Medical Research A Necessary Measure?

1513 words - 7 pages killing millions of innocent animal lives in the process. The use of animals for scientific experimentation purposes is unnecessary because countless animals are put through painful procedures in order to benefit humans lives when there are known alternative methods for achieving the same experimental results. Animal experimentation is not a modern day research method; Aristotle was one of the first to be recorded to use live animals in his

Education And The Evolving Job Market

2363 words - 10 pages The lives of students today are changing. They are preparing for lives and jobs that have never before existed. If teachers hope to have a significant and worthwhile impact on these quickly changing lives, they must change the way they think, prepare, and instruct our future generations. Children cannot afford to have teachers who remain stagnant in their methods and ideals. Students crave instructors that are willing to allow them to tap

Young And Relentless

1737 words - 7 pages There are numerous influences that can be responsible of teenager’s behaviors and attitude as they develop. One factor that is important to these behaviors is parental figures being over involved or uninvolved in their children’s lives. Many of these effects include illegal substance abuse, rising sexual activity, underage alcohol consumption, and tobacco use. Studies show parental participation plays a key role in the characteristics developed

The Natural Law Theory

1231 words - 5 pages Obeying by the natural law theory is the only true and moral way to live life; especially a life lived in God’s image. God’s presence is a guiding factor to obtaining a moral and virtuous life, which can only be obtained by following the natural law theory. God created a set of laws as a supreme guide for humans to live life, like any law these laws were created to ensure wellbeing for everyone. The laws he created are the civil law, the natural

Resolved: Presidential Signing Statements Threaten To Undermine The Rule Of Law And The Separation Of Powers

1811 words - 8 pages The subject of signing statements has created much debate among the houses of Congress, government officials, and the public alike. These signing statements fall under the categories of constitutional and legislative history signing statements. Constitutional signing statements are those in which the president deems certain provisions of the legislation as unconstitutional, therefore they should not be enforced (Bradley & Posner, 2006

Oppressive Systems Of Government In Egypt And Animal Farm

1529 words - 7 pages As in Egypt, Orwell demonstrates through his allegorical novel “Animal Farm” that leaders are able to establish and maintain power over a people, and in turn create an oppressive and corrupt government system. Orwell shows the significant difference in the education and levels of knowledge in the animals, and how the government takes advantage of this difference. The split between the levels of intelligence is portrayed in the first chapter when

The Pathway To Psychosis

1415 words - 6 pages and Rating of the Social Consequences of Psychological Disturbances for Epidemiology) as well as the SCL90-R (Rossler, et al., 2011, pp. 13-14). The results of the study showed a relatively high positive correlation between the schizotypal symptoms and the depression symptoms of subjects (Rossler, et al., 2011, p. 15). While a correlation is not evidence to prove that depression causes Schizophrenia, it does prove a relationship

Rated “M” For “More Censorship Not Needed”

1241 words - 5 pages Since the moment video games became a commercial success there have been people who have pushed for unfair amounts of censorship to be placed upon the content of the games and its availability to children. These groups push for increased regulations on content but there is already an appointed group to handle this issue, the ESRB. Even though there has been an increase in mature content in the video game industry, increased censorship is not

Four Components Of A Legally Astute Social Media Marketing Manager

1914 words - 8 pages With the advances in technology constantly changing companies have to find better ways to market their products to consumers. The explosion of Facebook has given companies a way to market products to consumers. Examine how a legally astute manager can use social media to his advantage. Review different forms of dispute resolution and determine which one works the best. What is the best course of action, the government can use to

Related Papers

Social Scientific Inqury Essay

5420 words - 22 pages SOCIAL SCIENTIFIC INQUIRY Characteristics of Social Science Introduction One of the livelier academic debates of recent years has concerned the "scientific" status of those disciplines gathered under the rubric of the social sciences-typically including sociology, political science, social psychology, economics, anthropology, and sometimes fields such as geography, history, communications, and other composite and specialty

The Separation Of Capital Ownership And Control

1577 words - 7 pages cites that “the modern, publicly held corporation is a nexus of contracts, with the widely accepted notion in law and economics that corporations and their directors should maximize the value of the firm” (2008). He asserts that the modern corporate governance, which is the expectation of shareholders about managers’ behavior that comes from normal social sense, law and market forces, has a purpose of securing the promises of maximizing firm value

The Versatility And Flexibility Of Oled's

1014 words - 5 pages In April 1, 2002, organic light emitting diodes gain rise in the scientific community with their published, more practical form at Ames Laboratory. “Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory, in collaboration with scientists at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, have developed and demonstrated a novel, fluorescence-based chemical sensor that is more compact, versatile and less expensive than existing technology of its

Comparing The Moral Virtues Of Antony And Julian The Apostate

1103 words - 5 pages stand up to the devil and his soldiers who would persecute him for his religion. Julian was also blessed with all of the cardinal virtues. As mentioned previously, he made vows of chastity after the death of his wife, which is a remarkable virtue to have as an emperor since women (or men) were very accessible given the social status of the emperor. Similarly to Antony, Julian would also fast to stay cleansed and pure. When it came to wisdom