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Socialisation In Children Essay

752 words - 4 pages

Socialisation in childrenSocial skills in young children need a variety of influences to develop. Children starved of these skills at a young age may never develop them at all. It is believed by many people that you learn more between birth and the age of five than any other time in your life. This may be the reason why children deprived of theses inputs in childhood may struggle to pick them up. Giddens says that things as small as smiling at a child are triggers for social skills. So what happens to children who aren't nurtured this way? There are a number of cases that have been widely discus; one of these is Genie. She was starved of conversation and contact with other people until the age of eleven. When she actually did get the contact that was needed at an early age it was far too late and she had major trouble adapting, only managing to pick up basic language and not generally using what she had learnt, only coming out with the ...view middle of the document...

1) Basic trust2) Autonomy vs. Shame3) Initiative vs. Guilt4) Industry vs. Inferiority5) Ego-identity vs. Role confusion6) Intimacy vs. Isolation7) Generativist vs. Stagnation8) Ego-integrity vs. DespairGiddens tells us that a child can distinguish its primary caretaker from as early as three weeks old. Not so much distinguishing them as a person as recognising certain features such as eyes, voice, and the way they are held by them. If this were the case it would be reasonable to assume that this would be one of the people the child will take social skills from as well as the society and culture that surrounds them. Bronfenbrenner believes that interaction between a child and its family are he main focuses of human development, this assumes that the function of children and families can be strengthened by the quality and quantity of relationships. Relationships with family, friends, and people in the community. The socialisation of a child is also developed by the cultures and sub-cultures around them. For instance a child has roles, norms, values and customs to live up to and into. Values and norms help a child to socialise normally in day to day life, they will help define the way in witch it deems behaviour acceptable and in-acceptable. An example of this would be Muslim attitudes towards alcohol. It would be acceptable for a Christian man of age to go out and drink a sensible amount of alcohol, but for a Muslim man to do this would be un-acceptable and completely against the Muslim values and totally away from the norm.This is contrasting to sociobiologists who believe we behave the way we do in society because of an animal instinct that is ground in our genetic makeup. Sociobiology states that genetics is the sole factor responsible for the behaviour in humans and animals. There are three types of sociobiology. Broad sociobiology deals with general behavioural tendencies present in animals and humans. Narrow sociobiology is based on the evolutionary theory and focuses on the genetic aspects of behaviour in most animals and humans. Narrow sociobiology adamantly rejects the notion that culture can affect behaviour. Pop sociobiology uses the argument of Narrow sociobiology, and relates the evolutionary theory to human nature.

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