Humans are social creatures by nature; they have a need or requirement to socialize with others. According to the Cambridge University Press, the definition of socialize, for the purposes of people or animals, “is to train them to behave in a way that others in the group think is suitable”. This definition of the word socialize, leads into another, which is that of socialization. Socialization is a definitive part of every human’s life. Socialization is defined as “The life long process of social interaction through which: we become a consistent and recognizable person, and acquire the physical mental and social skills needed for survival in society.”
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They usually learn concepts of God, what it is to be male or female, how they came to exist, why life is the way it is, the difference between right and wrong, and what things are important in life. The atmosphere that the parents provide the child at home has a lot to do with the child's overall progress. It has been often observed that children who have a good environment, which is conducive for learning at home, end up being the winners in the fields that they choose in their later life. The things that are taught in the childhood remain with the children throughout their lives.
Socialization helps the individual face the realities of life, through the appreciation of their culture practices. The agencies of socialization are the social institutions that pass on to the people these norms, values, beliefs, and attitudes. There are several agencies of socialization such as, peer groups, school, religion and the mass media.
Every man tries to adjust himself to the condition and environment predominantly determined by the society of which he is a member. If he fails to do so, he becomes a social defiant and is brought back into line by the efforts of the group of which he is a member. This process of adjustment may be termed socialization.
Olds and Schwartz (Associate Clinical Professors of Psychiatry at Harvard Medical School) argue in The Lonely American that loneliness is often mistaken for depression. Instead of connecting with others, we consume a pill. Being lonely is outside of our individualistic worldview so we do not even see it as a problem.
Harvard’s Robert Putnam writes about social capital in his book, Bowling Alone, and shows how social ties are not only important for personal well-being, but also for our democracy. To paraphrase Putnam, “the culture in which people talk to each other over the back fence is the culture in which people vote.” Apparently, when you feel part of a group, you are more likely to contribute to it — such as by voting.
UC Berkeley’s George Lakoff has said that we can only bring about progressive social change by evoking empathy. You cannot get people to change by loading them up with facts or shaking your finger at them. You must talk to others with respect and caring —and then you connect. Social capital is thus central to progressive social change.
Social capital is important for the planet as well. Environmentalist and author Bill McKibben says that we will not have sustainability without community. Until we see other people as our main source of security, we will keep turning to things, using up oil and other resources and heating and polluting the planet.
Different sociologists have defined socialization in different ways. According to E.S. Bogardus "Socialization is the process of working together, of developing group responsibility or being guided by the welfare needs of others". W.F. Ogburn defines "Socialization is the process by which the individual learns to conform to the norms of the...